From Google Scholar & other sources: Selected Journal Articles, Newsletters, Dissertations, Theses, Commentary

From Google Scholar & other sources: Selected Journal Articles, Newsletters, Dissertations, Theses, Commentary

Annual Review of Microbiology
Vol. 72:423-446 (Volume publication date September 2018)
Ebola: Lessons on Vaccine Development
H Feldmann, F Feldmann, A Marzi
The West African Ebola virus (EBOV) epidemic has fast-tracked countermeasures for this rare, emerging zoonotic pathogen. Until 2013–2014, most EBOV vaccine candidates were stalled between the preclinical and clinical milestones on the path to licensure, because of funding problems, lack of interest from pharmaceutical companies, and competing priorities in public health. The unprecedented and devastating epidemic propelled vaccine candidates toward clinical trials that were initiated near the end of the active response to the outbreak. Those trials did not have a major impact on the epidemic but provided invaluable data on vaccine safety, immunogenicity, and, to a limited degree, even efficacy in humans. There are plenty of lessons to learn from these trials, some of which are addressed in this review. Better preparation is essential to executing an effective response to EBOV in the future; yet, the first indications of waning interest are already noticeable.

Annual Review of Microbiology
Vol. 72:273-292 (Volume publication date September 2018)
The Promise of a Malaria Vaccine—Are We Closer?
MB Laurens
Malaria vaccine development has rapidly advanced in the past decade. The very first phase 3 clinical trial of the RTS,S vaccine was completed with over 15,000 African infants and children, and pilot implementation studies are underway. Next-generation candidate vaccines using novel antigens, platforms, or approaches targeting different and/or multiple stages of the Plasmodium life cycle are being tested. Many candidates, in various stages of development, promise enhanced efficacy of long duration and broad protection against genetically diverse malaria strains, with a few studies under way in target populations in endemic areas. Malaria vaccines together with other interventions promise interruption and eventual elimination of malaria in endemic areas.

Expert Review of Vaccines
Accepted author version posted online: 06 Sep 2018
Effectiveness and impact of the 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, PHiD-CV: review of clinical trials and post-marketing experience
T Mrkvan, SI Pelton, J Ruiz-Guiñazú, AA Palmu… – 2018
Introduction: Pneumococcal diseases (including septicemia, meningitis, pneumonia, and upper respiratory infections) constitute a major public health problem. The World Health Organization recommends pneumococcal conjugate vaccine immunization of young children worldwide.
Areas covered: We reviewed evidence on the effects of the 10-valent pneumococcal non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae protein D conjugate vaccine (PHiD-CV), which is used in childhood immunization programs in over 45 countries or regions. The effectiveness of PHiD-CV against invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD), pneumonia, and acute otitis media was assessed. We also present its effect on pneumococcal nasopharyngeal carriage (NPC) and indirect effects (herd protection) among unvaccinated individuals.
Expert commentary: Results from randomized, double-blind trials and post-marketing studies in various countries provide evidence of the protective efficacy, effectiveness, and impact of PHiD-CV against pneumococcal diseases. Data from different geographic locations also show reductions in NPC of vaccine pneumococcal serotypes, laying the foundation for indirect protection against pneumococcal disease. In countries where PHiD-CV is included in childhood immunization programs, there are signs of herd protection for vaccine serotypes among unvaccinated individuals. Although increases in non-vaccine serotype IPD and NPC rates were observed, there was an overall reduction of pneumococcal disease.