21 September 2018 Vol 361, Issue 6408
Special Issue; Metaresearch
Toward a more scientific science
By Pierre Azoulay, Joshua Graff-Zivin, Brian Uzzi, Dashun Wang, Heidi Williams, James A. Evans, Ginger Zhe Jin, Susan Feng Lu, Benjamin F. Jones, Katy Börner, Karim R. Lakhani, Kevin J. Boudreau, Eva C. Guinan
Science21 Sep 2018 : 1194-1197
Climb atop shoulders and wait for funerals. That, suggested Newton and then Planck, is how science advances (more or less). We’ve come far since then, but many notions about how people and practices, policies, and resources influence the course of science are still more rooted in traditions and intuitions than in evidence. We can and must do better, lest we resign ourselves to “intuition-based policy” when making decisions and investments aimed at driving scientific progress. Science invited experts to highlight key aspects of the scientific enterprise that are steadily yielding to empirical investigation—and to explain how Newton and Planck got it right (and Einstein got it wrong).