Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)
Polio this week as of 23 October 2018 [GPEI]
:: World Polio Day activities are in full swing.  Join partners around the world in raising awareness about the global effort to eradicate polio.

Summary of new viruses this week:
Afghanistan – one wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) positive environmental sample;
Pakistan – two WPV1 cases and four WPV1-positive environmental samples;
Nigeria – one cVDPV2 case and three cVDPV2-positive environmental samples

Editor’s Note:
WHO has posted a refreshed emergencies page which presents an updated listing of Grade 3,2,1 emergencies as below.
 WHO Grade 3 Emergencies  [to 27 Oct 2018 ]
Democratic Republic of the Congo
:: Beni: Ministry of Health and WHO condemn violence against civilians and health professionals in Ebola affected areas [in French]  22 October 2018
:: 12: Situation report on the Ebola outbreak in North Kivu  23 October 2018
:: Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo   25 October 2018
[See Milestones above for more detail]
Bangladesh – Rohingya crisis
:: Weekly Situation Report 47 – 17 October 2018
Nigeria – No new announcements identified
Somalia – No new announcements identified
South Sudan – No new announcements identified
Syrian Arab Republic – No new announcements identified
Yemen – No new announcements identified

WHO Grade 2 Emergencies  [to 27 Oct 2018 ]
Brazil (in Portugese) – No new announcements identified
Cameroon  – No new announcements identified
Central African Republic  – No new announcements identified
Ethiopia – No new announcements identified
Hurricane Irma and Maria in the Caribbean – No new announcements identified
Iraq – No new announcements identified
occupied Palestinian territory – No new announcements identified
Libya – No new announcements identified
MERS-CoV – No new announcements identified
Myanmar – No new announcements identified
Niger – No new announcements identified
Sao Tome and Principe Necrotizing Cellulitis (2017) – No new announcements identified
Sudan – No new announcements identified
Ukraine – No new announcements identified
Zimbabwe – No new announcements identified
Outbreaks and Emergencies Bulletin, Week 42: 13-19 October 2018

The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 55 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
:: Ebola virus disease outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
:: Dengue Fever in Senegal
:: Hepatitis E in Namibia
:: Cholera in Zimbabwe.

WHO Grade 1 Emergencies  [to 27 Oct 2018 ]
Angola (in Portuguese)
Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Papua New Guinea
Tropical Cyclone Gira
UN OCHA – L3 Emergencies
The UN and its humanitarian partners are currently responding to three ‘L3’ emergencies. This is the global humanitarian system’s classification for the response to the most severe, large-scale humanitarian crises. 
:: Yemen Humanitarian Update Covering 7 October – 21 October …
:: Yemen: Cyclone Luban Flash Update #3 (21 October 2018) [EN/A …

Syrian Arab Republic   No new announcements identified.


UN OCHA – Corporate Emergencies
When the USG/ERC declares a Corporate Emergency Response, all OCHA offices, branches and sections provide their full support to response activities both at HQ and in the field.
Ethiopia  No new announcements identified.
Somalia  No new announcements identified.

“Other Emergencies”
Indonesia: Central Sulawesi Earthquake
:: Central Sulawesi Earthquake & Tsunami: Humanitarian Country Team Situation Report #5 (as of 23 October 2018)

Editor’s Note:
We will cluster these recent emergencies as below and continue to monitor the WHO webpages for updates and key developments.

EBOLA/EVD  [to 27 Oct 2018 ]
[See Milestones above for more detail]

MERS-CoV [to 27 Oct 2018 ]
No new announcements identified.
Yellow Fever  [to 27 Oct 2018 ]
No new announcements identified.
Zika virus  [to 27 Oct 2018 ]
No new announcements identified.
WHO & Regional Offices [to 27 Oct 2018 ]
25 October 2018
News Release
New global commitment to primary health care for all at Astana conference
Declaration of Astana charts course to achieve universal health coverage, 40 years since declaration on primary health care in Alma-Ata
[See Milestones/Perspectives above for more detail]

23 October 2018
News Release
HH Pope Francis and WHO Director-General: Health is a right and not a privilege

Weekly Epidemiological Record, 26 October 2018, vol. 93, 43 (pp. 577–588)
:: Joint external evaluation of implementation of the International Health Regulations (2005) in Libya: a bridge to safeguard nationals
:: Update on vaccine-derived polioviruses – worldwide, January 2017–June 2018

WHO Regional Offices
Selected Press Releases, Announcements
WHO African Region AFRO
Selected Featured News
:: Uganda’s Prime Minister lauds WHO for the support during disease outbreak emergencies
26 October 2018
:: Protecting girls against cervical cancer in Tanzania  24 October 2018

:: Joint Statement on World Polio Day: WHO, UNICEF and Rotary International reaffirm their commitments to stop off polio in the Horn of Africa. 24 October 2018
:: Polio infrastructure remains crucial for mounting initial response to disease outbreaks in Nigeria   23 October 2018

WHO Region of the Americas PAHO
:: New global commitment to Primary Health Care for all at Astana Conference (10/25/2018)
:: Countries of the Americas urged to take action to keep polio at bay (10/23/2018)
WHO South-East Asia Region SEARO
– No new announcement identified
WHO European Region EURO
:: Social marketing insights help solve the puzzle of low influenza vaccination rates among health-care workers in the west of Ireland 26-10-2018
:: New global commitment to primary health care for all at Astana conference 26-10-2018
:: Primary health care: the time is now 24-10-2018
:: World Polio Day celebrates history in the making 23-10-2018
:: Is it just a “touch of the flu” for you, or do you face a greater risk? 22-10-2018

WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region EMRO
:: Pool of experts for Middle East respiratory syndrome established  23 October 2018
:: Contribution of United Arab Emirates acknowledged on World Polio Day  23 October 2018
:: HH Pope Francis and WHO Director-General: Health is a right and not a privilege 23 October 2018
:: Health system strengthening boosts immunization in Somalia  22 October 2018

WHO Western Pacific Region
– No new announcement identified