Qualitative Health Research
Volume 29 Issue 2, January 2019
Engaging a Community Leader to Enhance Preparation for In-Depth Interviews With Community Members
Manuel E. Jimenez, Shawna V. Hudson, Daniel Lima, Benjamin F. Crabtree
First Published August 12, 2018; pp. 270–278
In-depth interviews allow for rich exploration of stakeholders’ experiences. Preparation for in-depth interviews generally consists of literature reviews and researchers’ review of their own culture and understanding of a topic. We supplemented these strategies with serial “ethnographic interviews” with a single community leader to enhance our preparation for community-based in-depth interviews with Latina, immigrant, Spanish-speaking mothers and to facilitate stakeholder engagement in a research project. After an extensive literature review, we conducted a series of four 1-hour interviews with a key informant in preparation for individual in-depth interviews with 12 parents. The ethnographic interviews with the community leader provided insight into environmental context, cultural categories, and stakeholder priorities, which helped shape the research question, in-depth interview guide, sampling strategy, and interpretive analytic process. We found that ethnographic interviews can provide critical insights for preparing in-depth interview guides and can enhance the information gained while facilitating meaningful stakeholder engagement.