Emergencies

Emergencies

POLIO
Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)
– No new announcements identified

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Editor’s Note:
WHO has posted a refreshed emergencies page which presents an updated listing of Grade 3,2,1 emergencies as below.

WHO Grade 3 Emergencies  [to 5 Jan 2019]
Democratic Republic of the Congo
:: 21: Situation report on the Ebola outbreak in North Kivu  27 December 2018
:: DONs Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo   28 December 2018
[See Milestones above for more detail]

Bangladesh – Rohingya crisis
:: Weekly Situation Report 57 – 27 December 2018
[Excerpt]

KEY HIGHLIGHTS
:: About 30 health facilities have received exemption from restricted movement during the election period and will remain open to provide essential health services.
:: About 363 411 people (110.6%) benefited from the OCV campaign including 264,280 people (117.5%) from Rohingya population.
:: Since February 2018 to date, a total of 35,148 BCG doses have been given children and 19 906 Td doses to pregnant women.

SITUATION OVERVIEW
:: There are an estimated 908,000 Rohingya refugees (215,796 families) in Cox’s Bazar, according to the latest Needs and Population Monitoring (NPM) round 12 exercise. The Rohingya refugees continue to arrive in Bangladesh, though the overall influx has slowed since the onset of the crisis in late August 2017. Rohingya refugees have continued to arrive in Bangladesh, though in much fewer numbers than the initial influx in late 2017. More than 15,247 new arrivals were reported from 1 January to 30 November 2018 (source: UNHCR). The refugees continue to face compounding vulnerabilities including health.
:: Over the past one year, WHO and the health sector partners responded to the health needs of the affected populations by supporting government health facilities with human resources, renovations and medical supplies; ensuring availability of essential medicines and other supplies through logistics support; maintaining a strong disease surveillance system; delivering vaccination campaigns and strengthening

 

Syrian Arab Republic
:: SIDA donation helps WHO support health care services in southern Syria [Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency]  27 December 2018

Yemen
:: Cholera and malnutrition in Yemen threatens millions

27 December 2018
…WHO works closely with the Ministry of Health and WASH cluster partners to contain cholera outbreaks, offering technical and logistical support to strengthen disease surveillance, assist diarrhoeal treatment and oral rehydration centres, train health workers on case management, deploy rapid response teams and improve sanitation and access to safe water.
There have been 280,198 suspected cases of cholera since the beginning of 2018, and 372 associated deaths. Children under 5 account fort 32% of the total suspected cases. Cholera has been reported in 22 out of Yemen’s 23 governorates, and 306 out of the country’s 333 districts.

Myanmar – No new announcements identified
Nigeria – No new announcements identified
Somalia – No new announcements identified
South Sudan – No new announcements identified

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WHO Grade 2 Emergencies  [to 5 Jan 2019]
occupied Palestinian territory
:: 1.2 million people in the occupied Palestinian territory are in need of humanitarian health assistance – December 2018

Libya
:: WHO condemns attack on Al Jala Hospital in Benghazi
27 December 2018 – The World Health Organization (WHO) strongly condemns the armed attack on Al Jala Hospital in Benghazi, Libya, on 25 December. The attack resulted in damage to the hospital infrastructure.

Brazil (in Portugese) – No new announcements identified
Cameroon  – No new announcements identified
Central African Republic  – No new announcements identified
Ethiopia – No new announcements identified
Hurricane Irma and Maria in the Caribbean – No new announcements identified
– No new announcements identified
Iraq – No new announcements identified
MERS-CoV – No new announcements identified
Niger – No new announcements identified
Sao Tome and Principe Necrotizing Cellulitis (2017) – No new announcements identified
Sudan – No new announcements identified
Ukraine – No new announcements identified
Zimbabwe – No new announcements identified

WHO-AFRO: Outbreaks and Emergencies Bulletin, Week 52: 22 – 28 December 2018
The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 59 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
:: Ebola virus disease outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
:: Measles in Madagascar
:: Humanitarian crisis in Nigeria.

 
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WHO Grade 1 Emergencies  [to 5 Jan 2019]
Afghanistan
Chad
Indonesia – Sulawesi earthquake 2018
Kenya
Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Mali
Namibia – viral hepatitis
Peru
Philippines – Tyhpoon Mangkhut
Tanzania

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UN OCHA – L3 Emergencies
The UN and its humanitarian partners are currently responding to three ‘L3’ emergencies. This is the global humanitarian system’s classification for the response to the most severe, large-scale humanitarian crises. 
Syrian Arab Republic   – No new announcements identified
Yemen – No new announcements identified

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UN OCHA – Corporate Emergencies
When the USG/ERC declares a Corporate Emergency Response, all OCHA offices, branches and sections provide their full support to response activities both at HQ and in the field.
Ethiopia 
:: Operational Plan for Rapid Response: Internal Displacement around Kamashi and Assosa (Benishangul Gumuz) and East and West Wollega (Oromia), 26 December 2018

Somalia 
:: Humanitarian Bulletin Somalia, 1 – 31 December 2018

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“Other Emergencies”
Indonesia: Central Sulawesi Earthquake
:: 24 December 2018  –  Central Sulawesi Earthquake & Tsunami – Humanitarian Country Team Situation Report #10 (as of 10 December 2018)

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Editor’s Note:
We will cluster these recent emergencies as below and continue to monitor the WHO webpages for updates and key developments.

EBOLA/EVD  [to 5 Jan 2019]
http://www.who.int/ebola/en/
:: 19: Situation report on the Ebola outbreak in North Kivu  12 December 2018
:: DONs Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo   13 December 2018
[See Milestones above for more detail]

MERS-CoV [to 5 Jan 2019]
http://who.int/emergencies/mers-cov/en/
No new announcements identified.

Yellow Fever  [to 5 Jan 2019]
http://www.who.int/csr/disease/yellowfev/en/
No new announcements identified.

Zika virus  [to 5 Jan 2019]
http://www.who.int/csr/disease/zika/en/
No new announcements identified.