Emergencies

Emergencies

 

POLIO
Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)
Polio this week as of 16 January 2019
Summary of new viruses this week:
:: Nigeria – advance notification one case of circulating vaccine derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) and two circulating VDPV2 positive environmental samples.
:: Pakistan – two cases of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) and five WPV1 positive environmental samples
 

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Editor’s Note:

WHO has posted a refreshed emergencies page which presents an updated listing of Grade 3,2,1 emergencies as below.
WHO Grade 3 Emergencies  [to 19 Jan 2019]
Democratic Republic of the Congo
:: 24: Situation report on the Ebola outbreak in North Kivu  16 January 2019
:: DONs Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo  17 January 2019

[See Milestones above for more detail]

 

Syrian Arab Republic
:: WHO statement on health situation in Rukban, Syria
17 January 2019, Damascus, Syria – The World Health Organization expresses severe concern about the deteriorating humanitarian conditions in Rukban settlement close to the border with Jordan, and calls for immediate access to the settlement to assess the health situation, provide essential medicines and medical supplies, and support the medical evacuation of critically ill patients.
Approximately 40 000 people, mostly women and children, remain stranded in the settlement and are unable to leave, and harsh winter conditions have reportedly led to several deaths. Health care facilities are barely functioning and have very few staff or medical supplies. There are no generators or fuel to provide even minimum warmth to alleviate the bitterly cold weather…

 

Bangladesh – Rohingya crisis – No new digest announcements identified
Myanmar – No new digest announcements identified
NigeriaNo new digest announcements identified
SomaliaNo new digest announcements identified
South SudanNo new digest announcements identified
YemenNo new digest announcements identified

 

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WHO Grade 2 Emergencies  [to 19 Jan 2019]
occupied Palestinian territory – No new digest announcements identified
Brazil (in Portugese) – No new digest announcements identified
Cameroon  – No new digest announcements identified
Central African Republic  – No new digest announcements identified
Ethiopia – No new digest announcements identified
Hurricane Irma and Maria in the Caribbean – No new digest announcements identified
Iraq – No new digest announcements identified
Libya – No new digest announcements identified
MERS-CoV – No new digest announcements identified
Niger – No new digest announcements identified
Sao Tome and Principe Necrotizing Cellulitis (2017) – No new digest announcements identified
Sudan – No new digest announcements identified
Ukraine – No new digest announcements identified
Zimbabwe – No new digest announcements identified

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WHO Grade 1 Emergencies  [to 19 Jan 2019]
Afghanistan
Chad
Indonesia – Sulawesi earthquake 2018
Kenya
Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Mali
Namibia – viral hepatitis
Peru
Philippines – Tyhpoon Mangkhut

Tanzania

 

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UN OCHA – L3 Emergencies
The UN and its humanitarian partners are currently responding to three ‘L3’ emergencies. This is the global humanitarian system’s classification for the response to the most severe, large-scale humanitarian crises. 
Yemen
:: Yemen Humanitarian Update Covering 13 December 2018 – 15 January 2019 | Issue 1  Published on 15 Jan 2019

KEY ISSUES:

  • Humanitarian partners assisted about 1 million people displaced by conflict in Al Hudaydah Governorate in the last six months. Partners are preparing to assist about 342,000 people who are projected to return to Al Hudaydah City if the situation improves.
  • The assisted displaced people include 127,644 in Hajjah Governorate where about 140,000 displaced people have been registered since June 2018.
  • The Central Emergency Response Fund made US$32 million available to support critical services for the scaleup of the life-saving humanitarian responses in Yemen.

Syrian Arab Republic   – No new digest announcements identified

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UN OCHA – Corporate Emergencies
When the USG/ERC declares a Corporate Emergency Response, all OCHA offices, branches and sections provide their full support to response activities both at HQ and in the field.
Ethiopia  – No new digest announcements identified
Somalia  – No new digest announcements identified

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“Other Emergencies”
Indonesia: Central Sulawesi Earthquake – No new digest announcements identified
 

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Editor’s Note:
We will cluster these recent emergencies as below and continue to monitor the WHO webpages for updates and key developments.
EBOLA/EVD  [to 19 Jan 2019]
http://www.who.int/ebola/en/
:: 24: Situation report on the Ebola outbreak in North Kivu  16 January 2019
:: DONs Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo  17 January 2019

[See Milestones above for more detail]

MERS-CoV [to 19 Jan 2019]
http://who.int/emergencies/mers-cov/en/
– No new digest announcements identified.

Yellow Fever  [to 19 Jan 2019]
http://www.who.int/csr/disease/yellowfev/en/
9 January 2019
Yellow fever – Nigeria

Zika virus  [to 19 Jan 2019]
http://www.who.int/csr/disease/zika/en/
– No new digest announcements identified.

 

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WHO & Regional Offices [to 19 Jan 2019]
WHO statement on reports of alleged misconduct
17 January 2019
Statement
[See Milestones above]

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144th Session of the WHO Executive Board
24 January – 1 February 2019 Coordinated Universal Time
Geneva, Switzerland
[See selected agenda content in Milestones above]

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Weekly Epidemiological Record, 18 January 2019, vol. 94, 03 (pp. 17–44)
:: Editorial
:: Application of social science in the response to Ebola, Équateur Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo
:: Lessons learnt from Ebola virus disease surveillance in Équateur Province, May–July 2018
:: Preventing the international spread of Ebola virus by comprehensive, risk-informed measures at points of entry and compliance with the International Health Regulations (2005)
:: Risk communication, community engagement and social mobilization during the outbreak of Ebola virus disease in Équateur Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo, in 2018
:: A package for monitoring operational indicators of the response to the outbreak of Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
::Operational readiness and preparedness for Ebola virus disease outbreak in countries neighbouring the Democratic Republic of the Congo: progress, challenges and the way forward
:: Monthly report on dracunculiasis cases, January–November 2018

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WHO Regional Offices
Selected Press Releases, Announcements
WHO African Region AFRO
:: Cabo Verde leads the way in ending new HIV infections in children in West and Central Africa
17 January 2019
:: UNAIDS, UNICEF and WHO urge countries in western and central Africa to step up the pace in the response to HIV for children and adolescents  16 January 2019
:: EVD – Rwanda conducts a Full Scale Simulation Exercise  14 January 2019
WHO Region of the Americas PAHO
– No new announcement identified

WHO South-East Asia Region SEARO
– No new announcement identified 

WHO European Region EURO
– No new announcement identified

WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region EMRO
:: Medical kits and supplies delivered to Diyala, Iraq  17 January 2019

WHO Western Pacific Region ::
:: WHO-recommended newborn care cuts life-threatening infections by two thirds
15 January 2019