Strategic inclusion of regions in multiregional clinical trials

Clinical Trials
Volume 16 Issue 1, February 2019
https://journals.sagepub.com/toc/ctja/16/1

International Issues
Strategic inclusion of regions in multiregional clinical trials
Seung Yeon Song, Deborah Chee, EunYoung Kim
First Published November 16, 2018; pp. 98–105
Abstract
Background
With the recent publication of the International Conference on Harmonisation E17 guideline and major reforms in China underway, the platform for clinical trial conduct is expected to change. This study aims to assess the strategic inclusion of regions in clinical trials and its change in trends over the past decade.
Methods
The ClinicalTrials.gov registry was searched for clinical trials registered by the top 10 pharmaceutical companies between 1 January 2008 and 31 December 2017. Extracted data included phase, disease type, intervention, study start year, and region. Trial type was classified as either a local study or a multiregional clinical trial as per the International Conference on Harmonisation E17 guideline.
Results
Of 2488 phase I, 1855 phase II, and 1999 phase III trials included, the majority of phase I trials were local studies (76.8%), while the majority of phase II (66.0%) and phase III (72.2%) trials were multiregional clinical trials. The proportion of multiregional clinical trials showed an increasing trend for all phases (p < 0.01). Although North America and Europe remained the main locations, increasing trends of inclusion of other regions, such as East Asia, were noted.
Conclusion
Globalization of drug development is evident with the increasing trend of multiregional clinical trial. Regulatory authorities as well as the pharmaceutical industry should prepare for the evolving setting of clinical research and problems that can arise from these changes.