Emergencies

Emergencies
 
 
POLIO
Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)
Polio this week as of 20 February 2019
:: On 19 February, the 20th IHR Emergency Committee including members, advisers, and invited Member States convened to discuss the status of international spread of poliovirus. The Committee unanimously agreed that the risk of polio spread continues to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) and proposed an extension of Temporary Recommendations for an additional three months. The recommendations come amid outbreak notification of cVDPV1 and cVDPV2 in Indonesia and Mozambique respectively. The official WHO Statement and the Temporary Recommendations will be issued shortly. [Full statement not yet posted]

:: The GPEI has developed the Global Polio Surveillance Action Plan 2018-2020, incorporating newer strategies and innovations to help endemic, outbreak and high-risk countries measure and enhance sensitivity of their surveillance systems. Read more here.

:: WHO is seeking input on draft guidance for managing human exposure to live polioviruses in facilities such as labs and vaccine plants. The document is open for public comment and WHO is particularly seeking feedback from national authorities for containment and others working in public health.
 
 
Summary of new viruses this week:
:: Afghanistan — one case of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) and four WPV1-positive environmental samples;

:: Pakistan – two cases of WPV1 and four WPV1-positive environmental samples.

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Editor’s Note:
WHO has posted a refreshed emergencies page which presents an updated listing of Grade 3,2,1 emergencies as below.

WHO Grade 3 Emergencies  [to 23 Feb 2019]
Democratic Republic of the Congo
:: :: 29: Situation report on the Ebola outbreak in North Kivu  19 February 2019
:: DONSEbola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo   21 February 2019

Bangladesh – Rohingya crisis
:: Bi‐weekly Situation Report 3 – 14 February 2019
…Immunization
Vaccination at Registration Post: Three vaccination posts have been established in camp 7, camp 17 and 26 with the support of UNHCR to provide immunization service to newborn eligible for birth registration under family head count. The activity started in Teknaf in Sep 2018 and in Ukhia (camp 7 and 17) in Feb 2019. Immunization activities are offered for 5 days a week.
Health worker immunization: Two vaccinations post are providing immunization to health care workers on weekly basis to humanitarian workers in camps. To-date 1,753 Td doses have been administered to health workers.
VPD Surveillance: 3 AFP cases have been investigated in 2019 with result still pending. Out of 88 suspected measles cases in 2019, 53 patients (42%) have been investigated through Case Report Form.

South Sudan
::  WHO provides lifesaving health care services to displaced populations and host communities in 22 locations in South Sudan  18 February 2019

 

Myanmar – No new digest announcements identified  
Nigeria – No new digest announcements identified  
Somalia – No new digest announcements identified
Syrian Arab Republic – No new digest announcements identified  
Yemen – No new digest announcements identified

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WHO Grade 2 Emergencies  [to 23 Feb 2019]
Brazil (in Portugese) – No new digest announcements identified
Cameroon  – No new digest announcements identified
Central African Republic  – No new digest announcements identified
Ethiopia – No new digest announcements identified
Hurricane Irma and Maria in the Caribbean – No new digest announcements identified
Iraq – No new digest announcements identified
Libya – No new digest announcements identified
MERS-CoV – No new digest announcements identified
Niger – No new digest announcements identified
occupied Palestinian territory  – No new digest announcements identified
Sao Tome and Principe Necrotizing Cellulitis (2017) – No new digest announcements identified
Sudan – No new digest announcements identified
Ukraine – No new digest announcements identified
Zimbabwe – No new digest announcements identified

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WHO Grade 1 Emergencies  [to 23 Feb 2019]
Afghanistan
Chad
Indonesia – Sulawesi earthquake 2018
Kenya
Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Mali
Namibia – viral hepatitis
Peru
Philippines – Tyhpoon Mangkhut
Tanzania

 
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UN OCHA – L3 Emergencies
The UN and its humanitarian partners are currently responding to three ‘L3’ emergencies. This is the global humanitarian system’s classification for the response to the most severe, large-scale humanitarian crises. 
Syrian Arab Republic   
:: Humanitarian Update Syrian Arab Republic – Issue 01 | 19 February 2019

  FIGURES
. People in need of humanitarian assistance 13M
. People in acute need of humanitarian assistance 5.2M
. Internally displaced people (as of August) 6.2M
. Returnees (January – December 2018) 1.4 M
. People in need in UN-declared hardto-reach areas 1.1M
HRP 2018 FUNDING
. 3.36 billion requested (US$)
. 64.9% funded

Yemen – No new digest announcements identified

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UN OCHA – Corporate Emergencies
When the USG/ERC declares a Corporate Emergency Response, all OCHA offices, branches and sections provide their full support to response activities both at HQ and in the field.
Ethiopia 
:: Ethiopia Humanitarian Bulletin Issue #3 | 04-17 February 2019

HIGHLIGHTS
. Over 45,000 IDPs in need of urgent humanitarian assistance in Central Gondar.
. The level of humanitarian needs in 2019 expected to remain similar to 2018.
. UNHCR notes spontaneous movement of South Sudanese refugees in Ethiopia.

Somalia  – No new digest announcements identified

 

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Editor’s Note:</strong
We will cluster these recent emergencies as below and continue to monitor the WHO webpages for updates and key developments.

EBOLA/EVD  [to 23 Feb 2019]
http://www.who.int/ebola/en/
:: 29: Situation report on the Ebola outbreak in North Kivu  19 February 2019
:: DONS – Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo   21 February 2019
 
 
MERS-CoV [to 23 Feb 2019]
http://who.int/emergencies/mers-cov/en/
– No new digest announcements identified.
 
 
Yellow Fever  [to 23 Feb 2019]
http://www.who.int/csr/disease/yellowfev/en/
– No new digest announcements identified.
 
 
Zika virus  [to 23 Feb 2019]
http://www.who.int/csr/disease/zika/en/
– No new digest announcements identified.