Emergencies

Emergencies

POLIO
Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)
Polio this week as of 10 April 2019
:: The report by the Director-General World Health Organization on the eradication of poliomyelitis is online, ahead of the 72nd World Health Assembly scheduled for May 2019. The report summarizes the remaining challenges to a polio-free world and presents the main elements of the new GPEI Polio Endgame Strategy 2019-2023.
:: An Independent Outbreak Response Assessment (OBRA) took place in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo on 5 April 2019. The OBRA was carried out to evaluate the quality of the response to the VDPV2 epidemic in the DRC and make the necessary recommendations to interrupt the transmission as soon as possible.
:: The Inaugural WHO Partners Forum convened in Stockholm, Sweden between 8-11 April 2019 with an aim to start a series of conversations with partners to help WHO meet the strategic goals as committed in the Thirteenth General Programme of Work (GPW13) for 2019-2023. The two-day meeting highlighted WHO’s impact on global health, encouraged support from WHO partners to enhance the quality and quantity of resources, and take stock of the innovations and lessons learned to strengthen partnerships and financing activities.  Read more here.

Summary of new viruses this week:
:: Pakistan – four WPV1-positive environmental samples

Editor’s Note:
WHO has posted a refreshed emergencies page which presents an updated listing of Grade 3,2,1 emergencies as below.

WHO Grade 3 Emergencies [to 13 Apr 2019]

Bangladesh – Rohingya crisis
:: Bi‐weekly Situation Report 6 – 2 April 2019 pdf, 734kb

Cyclone Idai
:: Fast rollout of cholera vaccines for people in need in Mozambique 10 April 2019, Maputo
[See Milestones above for detail]

Democratic Republic of the Congo
:: Statement on the meeting of the International Health Regulations (2005) Emergency Committee for Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo on 12th April 2019
12 April 2019 Statement Geneva
:: 36: Situation report on the Ebola outbreak in North Kivu 9 April 2019
:: DONs – Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo 11 April 2019
[See Ebola above for detail]

South Sudan
:: The Ministry of Health with support from WHO and partners investigates a cluster of unexplained deaths in Jie payam, Kapoeta East 8 April 2019

Myanmar – No new digest announcements identified
Nigeria – No new digest announcements identified
Somalia – No new digest announcements identified
Syrian Arab Republic – No new digest announcements identified
Yemen – No new digest announcements identified

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WHO Grade 2 Emergencies [to 13 Apr 2019]

Brazil (in Portugese)
:: Brasil lança campanha de vacinação contra a influenza 10 de abril de 2019

Cameroon 
:: As internally displaced persons reach nearly 1 million in Ethiopia, WHO reinforces medical supplies 8 April 2019

Iraq
:: WHO sends shipment of kits and medical supplies to Missan governorate Baghdad 8 April 2019 – Responding to the needs of the Directorate of Health in Missan following the recent floods that hit the area, WHO, with the generous support of donors, sent a large consignment of emergency kits and medical supplies on 4 April to support the Directorate, 304 kilometres south east of Baghdad…

Libya
:: Amid Tripoli clashes, WHO rushes medical aid to the wounded in Libya Tripoli, 11 April – As clashes around Tripoli continued and the number of wounded rose to the hundreds, WHO reacted swiftly to provide field hospitals and ambulances with critically-needed life saving supplies.

occupied Palestinian territory 
:: Mobile clinic brings mammography services to remote communities in the West Bank
April 2019

Sudan
:: Sudan prepares to vaccinate over 11 million children against measles and polio 8 April 2019

Central African Republic – No new digest announcements identified
Ethiopia – No new digest announcements identified
MERS-CoV – No new digest announcements identified
Niger – No new digest announcements identified
Ukraine – No new digest announcements identified
Zimbabwe – No new digest announcements identified

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WHO Grade 1 Emergencies [to 13 Apr 2019]
Afghanistan – No new digest announcements identified
Chad – No new digest announcements identified
Indonesia – Sulawesi earthquake 2018 – No new digest announcements identified
Kenya – No new digest announcements identified
Lao People’s Democratic Republic – No new digest announcements identified
Mali – No new digest announcements identified
Namibia – viral hepatitis – No new digest announcements identified
Peru – No new digest announcements identified
Philippines – Tyhpoon Mangkhut – No new digest announcements identified
Tanzania – No new digest announcements identified

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WHO AFRO – Outbreaks and Emergencies Bulletin
Week 14: 01-07 April 2019
The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 65 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
:: Ebola virus disease outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
:: Cyclone Idai in Southern Africa (Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Malawi)
:: Humanitarian crisis in Cameroon
:: Humanitarian crisis in Ethiopia.

UN OCHA – L3 Emergencies
The UN and its humanitarian partners are currently responding to three ‘L3’ emergencies. This is the global humanitarian system’s classification for the response to the most severe, large-scale humanitarian crises. 
Syrian Arab Republic – No new digest announcements identified
Yemen – No new digest announcements identified

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UN OCHA – Corporate Emergencies
When the USG/ERC declares a Corporate Emergency Response, all OCHA offices, branches and sections provide their full support to response activities both at HQ and in the field.
CYCLONE IDAI
:: 12 April 2019  Mozambique: Cyclone Idai & Floods Situation Report No. 10
:: 12 April 2019  Zimbabwe: Floods Situation Report No. 2, As of 10 April 2019
:: 10 April 2019  Southern Africa: Cyclone Idai Snapshot (as of 9 April 2019)