Emergencies

Emergencies

 

POLIO
Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)
Polio this week as of 8 May 2019
:: With recent introduction to the immunization coverage activities in Zimbabwe and Mongolia, at least 1 dose of Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV) is now available worldwide in 126 countries. IPV consists of inactivated (killed) poliovirus strains of all three poliovirus types, producing antibodies in the blood to all types. In the event of infection, these antibodies prevent the spread of the virus to the central nervous system and protect against paralysis. Read press release here.
[See above for detail]

Summary of new viruses this week:
:: Pakistan — three wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases and five WPV1-positive environmental samples
:: Nigeria —one circulating vaccine derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2)-positive environmental sample
:: Niger —one cVDPV2 isolated from a healthy community

 

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Editor’s Note:
WHO has posted a refreshed emergencies page which presents an updated listing of Grade 3,2,1 emergencies as below.

WHO Grade 3 Emergencies [to 11 May 2019]

Democratic Republic of the Congo
:: WHO Adapts Ebola Vaccination Strategy in the Democratic Republic of the Congo to Account for Insecurity and Community Feedback 7 May 2019 News release Geneva
:: 40: Situation report on the Ebola outbreak in North Kivu 7 May 2019
:: Disease Outbreak News (DONs) Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
9 May 2019 [See Ebola DRC above for detail]

Syrian Arab Republic
:: Flu season in north-west Syrian Arab Republic 9 May 2019

Nigeria
:: WHO Supports one Million malnourished children in North-east Nigeria Maiduguri, 7 May 2019

Somalia
:: Vaccines are saving millions of lives of children in Somalia: urgent need to scale up routine immunization programme 7 May 2019

Bangladesh – Rohingya crisis – No new digest announcements identified
Mozambique floods – No new digest announcements identified
Myanmar – No new digest announcements identified
South Sudan – No new digest announcements identified
Yemen – No new digest announcements identified

 

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WHO Grade 2 Emergencies [to 11 May 2019]

Cyclone Idai
:: More than 435.000 children in Sofala province will be protected against measles, polio and rubella during Health Week in Mozambique
Beira, 6 May 2019 – Every year the Ministry of Health of Mozambique launches Health Week in Mozambique, together with the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) as main partners. Today, the launch was marked by the constraints following Cyclone Idai in the four most affected provinces: Sofala, Manica, Inhambane and Zambezia.

Libya
:: WHO denounces attack on health workers and ambulance in Libyan capital
Tripoli, 9 May – The World Health Organization today condemned in the strongest terms an attack on an ambulance in Tripoli, Libya, on Wednesday 8 May, that left 3 health workers injured, one severely…

Brazil (in Portugese) – No new digest announcements identified
Cameroon – No new digest announcements identified
Central African Republic – No new digest announcements identified
Ethiopia – No new digest announcements identified
Iraq – No new digest announcements identified
MERS-CoV – No new digest announcements identified
Niger – No new digest announcements identified
occupied Palestinian territory – No new digest announcements identified
Sudan – No new digest announcements identified
Ukraine – No new digest announcements identified
Zimbabwe – No new digest announcements identified

 

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WHO Grade 1 Emergencies [to 11 May 2019]
Afghanistan – No new digest announcements identified
Chad – No new digest announcements identified
Indonesia – Sulawesi earthquake 2018 – No new digest announcements identified
Kenya – No new digest announcements identified
Lao People’s Democratic Republic – No new digest announcements identified
Mali – No new digest announcements identified
Namibia – viral hepatitis – No new digest announcements identified
Peru – No new digest announcements identified
Philippines – Tyhpoon Mangkhut – No new digest announcements identified
Tanzania – No new digest announcements identified

 

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UN OCHA – L3 Emergencies
The UN and its humanitarian partners are currently responding to three ‘L3’ emergencies. This is the global humanitarian system’s classification for the response to the most severe, large-scale humanitarian crises. 
Syrian Arab Republic
:: Syria: Situation Report 1: Recent Developments in North-western Syria (as of 10 May 2019)
HIGHLIGHTS
…Conflict has increased in northwest Syria, impacting civilians, civilian infrastructure and service provision in northern Hama and southern Idleb governorates.
…Approximately 180,000 people were displaced between 29 April and 9 May, while 15 health facilities, 16 schools, and 3 IDP settlements are reportedly affected due to hostilities.
…The humanitarian response is scaling up to meet people’s need, in addition to the on-going response

Yemen – No new digest announcements identified

 

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UN OCHA – Corporate Emergencies
When the USG/ERC declares a Corporate Emergency Response, all OCHA offices, branches and sections provide their full support to response activities both at HQ and in the field.
CYCLONE IDAI and Kenneth
:: Mozambique: “Aid is free and sexual exploitation and abuse are unacceptable 06 May 2019
“From the outset of the Cyclone Idai response, and now as we respond to Cyclone Kenneth, we have broadcasted clear messaging – that aid is free, and that sexual exploitation and abuse are unacceptable – through multiple communications channels”, Humanitarian Coordinator for Mozambique Marcoluigi Corsi said today. “We have trained hundreds of aid workers and volunteers on the prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse. However, even in the face of our best efforts to prevent cases from occurring, the reality remains that the risk of sexual exploitation and abuse persists. We have therefore established clear referral pathways to capture and follow-up on any rumor, report or allegation of sexual exploitation and abuse and have clear protocols to fast-track action in response such cases.”…

 

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