Emergencies

Emergencies

POLIO
Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)
Polio this week as of 26 June 2019
:: Two new cVDPV2 emergences are reported this week in DR Congo; one from Sankuru province and one from Kasai province. Sankuru province is in the centre of the country and had previously not participated in mOPV2 outbreak response campaigns.  However, it is neighboring known infected provinces, where mOPV2 response continues to be implemented.  Kasai had already been participating in mOPV2 outbreak campaigns, as it had already been affected by a separate cVDPV2.  Currently, total six, genetically-distinct cVDPV2 outbreaks affecting the country.
:: One of the major factors that determines whether a child will receive vaccinations is the primary caregiver’s receptiveness to immunization.  The decision to vaccinate is a complex interplay of various socio-cultural, religious, and political factors. Read how everyday people in Pakistan are advocating for vaccinations.
:: Bayelsa State in the Niger Delta, Nigeria, is a riverine state with precarious transportation and rivers crisscrossing the land. Thanks to healthcare workers, community engagement and innovations in immunization practices, Bayelsa State jumped from one of the most poor-performing states in terms of routine immunization to be the second best in the country. Read more here.
Summary of new viruses this week:

Summary of new viruses this week:
:: Afghanistan — two wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases;
:: Pakistan — three WPV1 cases;
:: Nigeria — one circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) case;
:: DRC— four cVDPV2 cases;
:: Ethiopia— three cVDPV2 isolated from healthy community contacts.

::::::
::::::

Editor’s Note:
WHO has posted a refreshed emergencies page which presents an updated listing of Grade 3,2,1 emergencies as below.

WHO Grade 3 Emergencies [to 29 Jun 2019]

Democratic Republic of the Congo
:: Winning the hearts of communities fearful of Ebola 24 June 2019
:: 47: Situation report on the Ebola outbreak in North Kivu 25 June 2019
:: Disease Outbreak News (DONs} Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
27 June 2019
[See DRC Ebola above for detail]

Mozambique floods
:: 200 000 people lack access to health services in Mozambique 21 June 2019

Nigeria
:: States in Nigeria’s South West zone conclude second round of outbreak response
26 June 2019 All six States in the South West Zone have completed the ‘2nd Outbreak Response’ (OBR2) to the circulating Vaccine Derived Polio Virus (cVDPV2) with varying degrees of success. The exercise, implemented on 15 – 24 June, was in response to confirmed reports by the Lagos State Government of environmental strains of Polio Virus in Makoko, Itire and Maracana canals, as well as in Imeko Afon LGA of Ogun State.
Initial large-scale zonal supplementary immunization activities were coordinated across all States (Lagos, Ogun, Osun, Oyo, Ondo and Ekiti), during the OBR1 conducted on 18 -21 May, 2019. Polio eradication teams on the ground covered 89,841 settlements. The teams maximized the impact of available resources and ensured that oral polio vaccine be administered to 9,927,112 under-five year old children in all the States…

Somalia
:: WHO and UNICEF Somalia and partners call on all Somalis to vaccinate children against polio
25 June 2019

Myanmar – No new digest announcements identified
South Sudan – No new digest announcements identified
Syrian Arab Republic – No new digest announcements identified
Yemen – No new digest announcements identified

::::::

WHO Grade 2 Emergencies [to 29 Jun 2019]

Bangladesh – Rakhine conflict
:: Bi‐weekly Situation Report 12 – 20 June 2019

Libya
:: Mental health support in a time of war 25 June 2019
:: Mental illness: training Libya’s health workers 24 June 2019

Afghanistan – No new digest announcements identified
Cameroon – No new digest announcements identified
Central African Republic – No new digest announcements identified
Cyclone Idai – No new digest announcements identified
Ethiopia – No new digest announcements identified
Iran floods 2019 – No new digest announcements identified
Iraq – No new digest announcements identified
Malawi floods – No new digest announcements identified
MERS-CoV – No new digest announcements identified
Niger – No new digest announcements identified
occupied Palestinian territory – No new digest announcements identified
Sudan – No new digest announcements identified
Ukraine – No new digest announcements identified
Zimbabwe – No new digest announcements identified

::::::

WHO Grade 1 Emergencies [to 29 Jun 2019]

Angola – No new digest announcements identified
Chad – No new digest announcements identified
Djibouti – No new digest announcements identified
Indonesia – Sulawesi earthquake 2018 – No new digest announcements identified
Kenya – No new digest announcements identified
Mali – No new digest announcements identified
Namibia – viral hepatitis – No new digest announcements identified
Tanzania – No new digest announcements identified

::::::
::::::

UN OCHA – L3 Emergencies
The UN and its humanitarian partners are currently responding to three ‘L3’ emergencies. This is the global humanitarian system’s classification for the response to the most severe, large-scale humanitarian crises. 
Syrian Arab Republic
:: Syrian Arab Republic: Recent Developments in Northwestern Syria Situation Report No. 6 – as of 28 June 2019

Yemen – No new digest announcements identified

::::::

UN OCHA – Corporate Emergencies
When the USG/ERC declares a Corporate Emergency Response, all OCHA offices, branches and sections provide their full support to response activities both at HQ and in the field.
Editor’s Note:
Ebola in the DRC has bene added as a OCHA “Corporate Emergency” this week:
CYCLONE IDAI and Kenneth
:: Assistant Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator, Ursula Mueller – Opening remarks at ECOSOC Humanitarian Affairs Segment Side Event “Cyclone Idai: The Ongoing Needs,” 26 June 2019

EBOLA OUTBREAK IN THE DRC – No new digest announcements identified

::::::
::::::