From Google Scholar & other sources: Selected Journal Articles, Newsletters, Dissertations, Theses, Commentary

From Google Scholar & other sources: Selected Journal Articles, Newsletters, Dissertations, Theses, Commentary

Occupational Medicine
Published: 17 August 2019
Influenza and vaccination: beliefs and practices of local authority staff
D Mc Conalogue, N Verle, H Ellis, S Scott –
Abstract
Background
Influenza causes large outbreaks every year. Professionals outside healthcare, including social care staff and non-care giving roles, have a key role in protecting their clients and sustaining operational productivity through influenza vaccination. There has been little research on non-healthcare staff working with vulnerable people and those working in non-caregiving settings regarding influenza and influenza vaccination.
Aims
To understand the practices, experiences, perceptions and motivations of local authority staff regarding influenza and influenza vaccination.
Methods
Semi-structured focus groups were carried out with local authority staff in Gloucestershire. Transcripts were thematically analysed.
Results
Participants tended to perceive influenza as a serious illness, where a person had a specific risk factor or during pandemics. They did not feel vulnerable unless they had previous experience of infection or had an underlying health condition. Motivation to vaccinate was based on previous experience of influenza, where they had a close family member at risk or when working directly with vulnerable clients. Beliefs about negative side effects of the vaccine were the strongest reason for vaccine refusal. Ease of access to vaccination through on-site clinics is key to uptake. Management are perceived as key motivators or blockers to vaccine uptake.
Conclusions
Workers outside healthcare settings do not feel vulnerable to influenza and have low motivation to vaccinate, unless they have previous experience of infection or an underlying health condition. Vaccination programmes must proactively address workers’ beliefs and motivations to ensure their participation in flu vaccination programmes.

 

Omega
Available online 9 August 2019
Review
Vaccine distribution chains in low-and middle-income countries: A literature review
K De Boeck, C Decouttere, N Vandaele – Omega, 2019
Highlights
:: We present an overview of the main characteristics and challenges inherent to vaccine distribution chains in low- and middle-income countries.
:: An in-depth classification of the relevant OR/OM papers is provided.
:: A variety of problems reported in practice receives little attention or even remains unexplored in the current OR/OM literature.
:: A number of uncertainties and characteristics is not yet considered by the OR/OM community.
Abstract
Access to immunization varies greatly across the world. In order to increase vaccine coverage, the required vaccines need to be able to reach the targeted population. However, in low- and middle-income countries, this often turns out to be a challenging task. This article provides a literature review on vaccine distribution chains in low- and middle-income countries and consists of two main parts. The first part elaborates on the characteristics and challenges inherent to such distribution chains. In order to obtain a complete overview, both quantitative and qualitative papers are included. In the second part, relevant operations research and operations management literature is structured according to seven classification criteria: decision level, methodology, part of the vaccine distribution chain modelled, uncertainties and characteristics covered, performance measures, real-life applicability, and countries and vaccines covered. Throughout these classifications, a comparison is made between the issues reported in practice and those investigated in the operations research and operations management literature. Based on this analysis, we identify trends and conclude that several gaps exist, providing a promising avenue for future research.

 

Paripex – Indian Journal Of Research
Vol 8, No 2 (2019)
FACTORS INFLUENCING PARENTAL WILLINGNESS FOR THEIR BABY’S PARTICIPATION IN VACCINE CLINICAL TRIALS
N Hanumante, D Desale, MRB Deshmukh
Abstract
The study was planned to determine factors influencing parental decisions to permit their baby, to participate or not, in randomized vaccine clinical trials with the aim of improving recruitment in vaccine clinical trials.
This was prospective cross sectional non interventional study. Study population consisted of parents (n=125) of babies aged 6-8 weeks, A questionnaire was used which covered the basic demographic information and reasons for parents’ willingness for their baby to participate or not into clinical trials.
The demographic characteristics of participating babies which were in favour of clinical trial participation were i.e. female child & successive birth order.  Establishing trust with parents, counselling both parents, explaining study in detail as regards to risk/benefits, valuing their time, emerge to be the key factors for increasing participation of babies in vaccine clinical trial.