Journal of Travel Medicine
Volume 26, Issue 6, 2019
Measles and the 2019 Hajj: the risk of magnifying the global measles surge
Ziad A Memish, MD, FRCPC, FRCPE, FRCPL, FACP, FFPH, Anas A Khan, MD, Shahul Ebrahim, MD, MSc, PhD
Journal of Travel Medicine, Volume 26, Issue 6, 2019, taz041, https://doi.org/10.1093/jtm/taz041
The projected linear increases in Muslim pilgrims for Hajj and Umra to Saudi Arabia from current 7 million to 30 million by 2030 will increase the density of pilgrims and the potential for infectious disease transmission. Because pilgrims originate from over 180 countries, the Hajj and Umrah pilgrimage can further compound the ongoing measles outbreaks. Vaccine hesitancy among Muslim populations should receive special attention in addition to general measles control efforts.