Impacts of intellectual property provisions in trade treaties on access to medicine in low and middle income countries: a systematic review

Globalization and Health
http://www.globalizationandhealth.com/
[Accessed 4 Jan 2020]

 

Review
Open Access
Published: 30 December 2019
Impacts of intellectual property provisions in trade treaties on access to medicine in low and middle income countries: a systematic review
Authors: Md. Deen Islam, Warren A. Kaplan, Danielle Trachtenberg, Rachel Thrasher, Kevin P. Gallagher and Veronika J. Wirtz
Citation: Globalization and Health 2019 15:88
Content type: Review
Published on: 30 December 2019
Abstract
Background
We present a systematic review describing ex-ante and ex-post evaluations of the impacts of intellectual property provisions in trade treaties on access to medicine in low and middle income countries. These evaluations focused on multilateral and bilateral trade agreements. We ascertained which IP provisions impacting access to medicines were the focus of these evaluations. We provide a further research agenda related to investigating the effect of trade agreement’s intellectual property provisions on access to medicines…
Conclusion
Both ex ante and ex post methods have advantages and limitations and, on balance, both types report, for the most part, an increase in price and a decrease in consumer welfare with imposition of intellectual property protection in trade agreements. The main differences between these studies are in the magnitude of the changes. There is a gap in our empirical understanding of the mechanisms through which such changes affect access to medicines and which outcomes relevant to access are most affected by which type of changes in intellectual property policy and law.