Polio this week as of 12 February 2020

Emergencies

 

POLIO
Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)
http://polioeradication.org/polio-today/polio-now/this-week/

Polio this week as of 12 February 2020
:: A time-limited working group has been put together to manage and coordinate GPEI’s activities to enable a rapid and effective roll out of nOPV2. Take a look at the terms of reference for the working group.
:: With the evolving public health emergency associated with the increase in new emergences of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2, a draft decision was adapted by the WHO Executive Board during last week’s meeting. [see text below]

 

Summary of new viruses this week (AFP cases and ES positives):
:: Pakistan: five WPV1 cases, twelve WPV1 positive environmental samples and three cVDPV2 positive environmental samples
:: Nigeria: one cVDPV2 case and one cVDPV2 positive environmental sample
:: Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo):  two cVDPV2 cases
:: Somalia: two cVDPV2 positive environmental samples
:: Angola: three cVDPV2 cases
:: Cote d’Ivoire: three cVDPV2 positive environmental samples
:: Ethiopia: seven cVDPV2 cases
:: Philippines: one cVDPV2 case and three cVDPV2 positive environmental samples

 

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WHO EXECUTIVE BOARD
146th session Provisional agenda item 16.1
24 January 2020 EB 146/21 Add.1
Poliomyelitis
Polio eradication :: Draft decision
The Executive Board is invited to consider the following draft decision:
The Executive Board, having considered the report on poliomyelitis: polio eradication;1 noting with great concern the evolving public health emergency associated with the increase in new emergences due to circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2, particularly in parts of Africa; and noting the development of the draft Strategy for Control of cVDPV2 2019–2021, an addendum to the Polio Endgame Strategy 2019–2023,2 to more effectively address the evolving circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 epidemiology, decided:

(1) to request the Director-General to: (a) continue to ensure adequate and uninterrupted supply of oral polio vaccine type 2 to respond to such outbreaks, in line with existing mandates; (b) accelerate the assessment and roll-out of a novel oral polio vaccine type 2 including through the WHO Emergency Use Listing procedure; (c) initiate a transparent and evidence-based process for prioritizing the equitable allocation of limited supplies of novel oral polio vaccine type 2; and,

(2) to urge Member States to: (a) expedite the processes for authorizing the importation and use of vaccines to respond to polio outbreaks, including novel oral polio vaccine type 2 on the basis of its emergency use listing; and (b) mobilize domestic financial resources to complement international financial and political commitments.

 

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Editor’s Note:
WHO has posted a refreshed emergencies page which presents an updated listing of Grade 3,2,1 emergencies as below.

WHO Grade 3 Emergencies [to 15 Feb 2020]

Democratic Republic of the Congo
:: Ebola Outbreak in DRC 79: 11 February 2020
[See Emergencies above ford detail]

Yemen
:: Journey to recovery: Yemeni patients get new lease on life in Jordan 9 February 2020

Mozambique floods – No new digest announcements identified
Nigeria – No new digest announcements identified
Somalia – No new digest announcements identified
South Sudan – No new digest announcements identified
Syrian Arab Republic – No new digest announcements identified

 

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WHO Grade 2 Emergencies [to 15 Feb 2020]
Burkina Faso [in French]
:: Cas suspect d’infection par le nouveau coronavirus au Burkina Faso : les résultats …
14 février 2020
Ouagadougou, le 11 février 2020, le Ministère de la santé a fait un exposé sur les mesures sanitaires préventives prises par le Burkina Faso  pour faire face à un risque de survenue d’une éventuelle épidémie due au nouveau coronavirus dans le pays.
:: Burkina Faso : Riposte vaccinale contre la poliomyélite dans le District sanitaire d…
11 février 2020
Ouargaye( Centre Est au Burkina Faso), 7 févier 2020, lancement du  round 0 de la campagne de vaccination de riposte contre la poliomyélite sous la coordination du Gouverneur de la Région.

Afghanistan – No new digest announcements identified
Angola – No new digest announcements identified
Burundi – No new digest announcements identified
Cameroon – No new digest announcements identified
Central African Republic – No new digest announcements identified
Ethiopia – No new digest announcements identified
HIV in Pakistan – No new digest announcements identified
Iran floods 2019 – No new digest announcements identified
Iraq – No new digest announcements identified
Libya – No new digest announcements identified
Malawi floods – No new digest announcements identified
Measles in Europe – No new digest announcements identified
MERS-CoV – No new digest announcements identified
Myanmar – No new digest announcements identified
Niger – No new digest announcements identified
occupied Palestinian territory – No new digest announcements identified
Sudan – No new digest announcements identified
Ukraine – No new digest announcements identified
Zimbabwe – No new digest announcements identified

 

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WHO Grade 1 Emergencies [to 15 Feb 2020]

Chad – No new digest announcements identified
Djibouti – No new digest announcements identified
Kenya – No new digest announcements identified
Namibia – viral hepatitis – No new digest announcements identified
Tanzania – No new digest announcements identified

 

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UN OCHA – L3 Emergencies
The UN and its humanitarian partners are currently responding to three ‘L3’ emergencies. This is the global humanitarian system’s classification for the response to the most severe, large-scale humanitarian crises. 
Syrian Arab Republic
:: Recent Developments in Northwest Syria – Situation Report No. 8 – As of 13 February 2020
HIGHLIGHTS
:: People in northwest Syria are living through some of the worst crisis since the war in Syria began. More than 800,000 people have been displaced since 1 December, due to intense conflict in freezing weather. The humanitarian community is doing everything it can but is overwhelmed by the scale of needs. An immediate cessation of the violence is critical. More resources, including funding, is immediately needed to save people’s lives and alleviate their suffering…

Yemen – No new digest announcements identified

 

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UN OCHA – Corporate Emergencies
When the USG/ERC declares a Corporate Emergency Response, all OCHA offices, branches and sections provide their full support to response activities both at HQ and in the field.
CYCLONE IDAI and Kenneth – No new digest announcements identified
EBOLA OUTBREAK IN THE DRC
– No new digest announcements identified

 

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