New England Journal of Medicine
February 13, 2020 Vol. 382 No. 7
The Magic of Randomization versus the Myth of Real-World Evidence
R. Collins, L. Bowman, M. Landray, and R. Peto
Nonrandomized observational analyses have been promoted as alternatives to randomized clinical trials. However, randomization ensures balance between groups, whereas nonrandomized studies are often biased by between-group differences. Efforts to reduce the cost and complexity of clinical trials are preferable to relying on observational studies.