Dynamics of Population Immunity Due to the Herd Effect in the COVID-19 Pandemic

Vaccines — Open Access Journal
http://www.mdpi.com/journal/vaccines
(Accessed 23 May 2020)

 

Open Access Review
Dynamics of Population Immunity Due to the Herd Effect in the COVID-19 Pandemic
by Vicente Javier Clemente-Suárez , Alberto Hormeño-Holgado , Manuel Jiménez , Juan Camilo Benitez-Agudelo , Eduardo Navarro-Jiménez , Natalia Perez-Palencia , Ronald Maestre-Serrano , Carmen Cecilia Laborde-Cárdenas and Jose Francisco Tornero-Aguilera
Vaccines 2020, 8(2), 236; https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines8020236 – 19 May 2020
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Abstract
The novel Coronavirus 2 Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-Cov-2) has led to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, which has surprised health authorities around the world, quickly producing a global health crisis. Different actions to cope with this situation are being developed, including confinement, different treatments to improve symptoms, and the creation of the first vaccines. In epidemiology, herd immunity is presented as an area that could also solve this new global threat. In this review, we present the basis of herd immunology, the dynamics of infection transmission that induces specific immunity, and how the application of immunoepidemiology and herd immunology could be used to control the actual COVID-19 pandemic, along with a discussion of its effectiveness, limitations, and applications.