POLIO Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC); WHO/OCHA Emergencies

Emergencies

POLIO
Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)

Polio this week as of 25 November 2020
:: Fahima Ahmed Hassan is a 25-year-old community mobilizer who goes the extra mile to ensure parents of children under the age of five are informed of Somalia’s polio vaccination campaigns and are ready for their children to be vaccinated. Read about Fahima and other Community mobilizers who build trust with communities ahead of crucial vaccination campaigns.
:: The GPEI has published an Interim guidance document on the use of Novel Oral Polio Vaccine type 2 (nOPV2) which is meant to provide context and policy guidance on the use of nOPV2 in response to Type 2 circulating Vaccine-Derived Poliovirus (cVDPV2) during the Initial Use Period. This document is an addendum to the “Standard Operating Procedures: Responding to a poliovirus event or outbreak”, Version 3.1’ (SOPs) (5).

Summary of new WPV and cVDPV viruses this week (AFP cases and ES postitives):
:: Afghanistan: two WPV1 cases, 24 cVDPV2 cases and 18 cVDPV2 positive environmental samples
:: Pakistan: two WPV1 positive environmental samples and 21 cVDPV2 cases
:: Burkina Faso: four cVDPV2 cases
:: Côte d’Ivoire: 16 cVDPV2 cases and 4 cVDPV2 positive environmental samples
:: Niger: two cVDPV2 cases
:: South Sudan: seven cVDPV2 cases and 2 cVDPV2 positive environmental samples
:: Sudan: two cVDPV2 cases
:: Somalia: one cVDPV2 case and one cVDPV2 positive environmental sample
:: Yemen: two cVDPV1 cases

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Editor’s Note:
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WHO Grade 3 Emergencies [to 28 Nov 2020]

Democratic Republic of the Congo – No new digest announcements identified
Mozambique floods – No new digest announcements identified
Nigeria – No new digest announcements identified
Somalia – No new digest announcements identified
South Sudan – No new digest announcements identified
Syrian Arab Republic – No new digest announcements identified
Yemen – No new digest announcements identified

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WHO Grade 2 Emergencies [to 28 Nov 2020]
Iraq
:: Restoration works completed at East Erbil Emergency Hospital and specialized services resumed for patients 24 November 2020

Afghanistan – No new digest announcements identified
Angola – No new digest announcements identified
Burkina Faso – No new digest announcements identified
Burundi – No new digest announcements identified
Cameroon – No new digest announcements identified
Central African Republic – No new digest announcements identified
Ethiopia – No new digest announcements identified
Iran floods 2019 – No new digest announcements identified
Libya – No new digest announcements identified
Malawi Floods – No new digest announcements identified
Measles in Europe – No new digest announcements identified
MERS-CoV – No new digest announcements identified
Mozambique – No new digest announcements identified
Myanmar – No new digest announcements identified
Niger – No new digest announcements identified
occupied Palestinian territory – No new digest announcements identified
HIV in Pakistan – No new digest announcements identified
Sao Tome and Principe Necrotizing Cellulitis (2017) – No new digest announcements identified
Sudan – No new digest announcements identified
Ukraine – No new digest announcements identified
Zimbabwe – No new digest announcements identified

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WHO Grade 1 Emergencies [to 28 Nov 2020]

Djibouti
:: Djibouti se prépare aux Journées nationales de vaccination contre la poliomyélite
25 novembre 2020 – Près de 130 000 enfants de Djibouti vont être vaccinés contre le poliovirus dans le cadre d’une campagne de vaccination nationale contre la poliomyélite qui devrait débuter lundi 23 novembre et s’étendra sur quatre jours

Chad – No new digest announcements identified
Kenya – No new digest announcements identified
Mali – No new digest announcements identified
Namibia – viral hepatitis – No new digest announcements identified
Tanzania – No new digest announcements identified

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UN OCHA – L3 Emergencies
The UN and its humanitarian partners are currently responding to three ‘L3’ emergencies. This is the global humanitarian system’s classification for the response to the most severe, large-scale humanitarian crises. 
Syrian Arab Republic – No new digest announcements identified
Yemen – No new digest announcements identified

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UN OCHA – Corporate Emergencies
When the USG/ERC declares a Corporate Emergency Response, all OCHA offices, branches and sections provide their full support to response activities both at HQ and in the field.
East Africa Locust Infestation
:: Desert Locust situation update – 24 November 2020

COVID-19
:: Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19): Weekly Epidemiological Update (24 November 2020)

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