Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Volume 14 – Issue 5 – October 2020
Data Collection Tools for Maternal and Child Health in Humanitarian Emergencies: An Updated Systematic Review
Juliana Lima Constantino, Fernanda Dias Romeiro, Theresa Diaz, Allisyn C Moran, Cynthia Boschi-Pinto
Published online by Cambridge University Press: 10 December 2019, pp. 601-619
The worst rates of preventable mortality and morbidity among women and children occur in humanitarian settings. Reliable, easy-to-use, standardized, and efficient tools for data collection are needed to enable different organizations to plan and act in the most effective way. In 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) commissioned a review of tools for data collection on the health of women and children in humanitarian emergencies. An update of this review was conducted to investigate whether the recommendations made were taken forward and to identify newly developed tools. Fifty-three studies and 5 new tools were identified. Only 1 study used 1 of the tools identified in our search. Little has been done in terms of the previous recommendations. Authors may not be aware of the availability of such tools and of the importance of documenting their data using the same methods as other researchers. Currently used tools may not be suitable for use in humanitarian settings or may not include the domains of the authors’ interests. The development of standardized instruments should be done with all key workers in the area and could be coordinated by the WHO.