A scoping review of genetics and genomics research ethics policies and guidelines for Africa

BMC Medical Ethics
http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcmedethics/content
(Accessed 3 Apr 2021)

 

Research article
A scoping review of genetics and genomics research ethics policies and guidelines for Africa
Authors: Joseph Ali, Betty Cohn, Erisa Mwaka, Juli M. Bollinger, Betty Kwagala, John Barugahare, Nelson K. Sewankambo and Joseph Ochieng
Citation: BMC Medical Ethics 2021 22:39
Published on: 2 April 2021
Background
Genetics and genomics research (GGR) is increasingly being conducted around the world; yet, researchers and research oversight entities in many countries have struggled with ethical challenges. A range of ethics and regulatory issues need to be addressed through comprehensive policy frameworks that integrate with local environments. While important efforts have been made to enhance understanding and awareness of ethical dimensions of GGR in Africa, including through the H3Africa initiative, there remains a need for in-depth policy review, at a country-level, to inform and stimulate local policy development and revision on the continent.
Conclusions
Enforceable policies that are indispensable to the ethical conduct and review of GGR are either deficient or missing in many African countries. Existing international, GGR-specific ethics guidelines can be used to inform GGR policy development at a country-level, in conjunction with insight from country specific ethics committees and other local stakeholders.