American Journal of Infection Control
May 2021 Volume 49 Issue 5 p533-656
State of the Science Review
Paediatric nurses’, children’s and parents’ adherence to infection prevention and control and knowledge of antimicrobial stewardship: A systematic review
Mataya Kilpatrick, Ana Hutchinson, Elizabeth Manias, Stéphane L. Bouchoucha
Published online: December 04, 2020
:: This review provides compelling evidence that there is a lack of understanding of infection prevention and control precautions and appropriate antimicrobial use by parents, children, and nurses in paediatric settings.
:: Identified practice gaps highlight health care workers’, parents’ and children’s vulnerability to pathogen exposure in the context of pandemic spread of highly contagious pathogens.
:: Parents and children had limited knowledge in relation to antimicrobials, and thus were making poor decisions on antibiotic use.
:: Nurses were unaware of their leadership role in antimicrobial stewardship but they nevertheless had a good understanding of antimicrobial stewardship principles and the barriers to good antimicrobial stewardship.