POLIO Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)


Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)

Polio this week as of 23 February 2022
:: Amid the escalating crisis in Ukraine, the GPEI has expressed extreme concern about the unfolding effects of the conflict on the country’s health system as security and displacement increase risk of diseases such as polio. Read the statement.
:: Earlier this week, the Spanish Minister of Foreign Affairs officially announced his role as Polio Gender Champion during an event in Madrid, Spain. Read his statement and commitments together with those of other Gender Champions

Summary of new WPV and cVDPV viruses this week (AFP cases and ES positives):
– Madagascar:  one cVDPV1 case
– Nigeria: two cVDPV2 positive environmental samples

Djibouti launches national polio vaccination campaign
Djibouti, 27 February 2022 – Djibouti’s Ministry of Health, with technical support from WHO and UNICEF, today kicked off a five-day national polio vaccination campaign aiming to reach all children in Djibouti aged zero to 59 months, approximately 150,000 children.
Multi-disciplinary teams of vaccinators, social mobilizers and technical experts are fanning out across the country to knock on every door, vaccinate every child under five and raise immunity levels to this deadly childhood disease. This is a house-to-house campaign, with vaccination also being offered in health facilities.
Djibouti was declared polio-free in 1999, but outbreaks of poliovirus type 2 in Ethiopia, Somalia and Yemen underscore the risk to all children in the Horn of Africa and the broader region…



Disease Outbreak News (DONs)

:: 3 March 2022 | Wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) – Malawi
…Sequencing of the virus conducted by the NICD on 2 February, and the US CDC on 12 February confirmed this case as WPV1. Analysis shows that the current WPV1 isolate in Malawi is genetically linked to a Pakistan sequence detected in 2020 in Sindh province.
Africa was declared free of indigenous wild polio in August 2020 after eliminating all forms of wild polio from the region, and in Malawi, the last clinically confirmed WPV case was reported in 1992…



WHO/OCHA Emergencies

Health emergencies list – WHO
“The health emergencies list details the disease outbreaks, disasters and humanitarian crises where WHO plays an essential role in supporting countries to respond to and recover from emergencies with public health consequences.”
Afghanistan crisis [Last apparent update: 17 Jan 2022]

Crisis in Northern Ethiopia [Last apparent update: 1 June 2021]

Ebola outbreak, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2021 [Last apparent update: 17 Aug 2021]

Ebola outbreak outbreak, N’Zerekore, Guinea, 2021 [Last apparent update: 17 Aug 2021]

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic [See COVID above]


Ebola outbreak, Equateur Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2020
[Last apparent update: 17 Aug 2021]

Ebola outbreak, North Kivu, Ituri, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2018 – 2020
[Last apparent update: 17 Aug 2021]

Ebola outbreak, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2018 [Last apparent update: 24 July 2018]

Yemen crisis [Last apparent update: 12 February 2021]

Syria crisis [Last apparent update: 18 June 2021]

Somalia crisis [Last apparent update: 24 March 2018]

Nigeria crisis [Last apparent update: 1 Oct 2021]

Ebola outbreak, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2017 [Last apparent update: 17 Aug 2021]

Zika virus disease outbreak, 2015-2016 [Last apparent update: 24 Jan 2020]

Ebola outbreak: West Africa, 2014-2016 [Last apparent update: 17 Aug 2021]

Iraq crisis [Last apparent update: 9 Jan 2008]

South Sudan crisis [Last apparent update: 23 Sep 2020]

Avian influenza A (H7N9) virus outbreak [Last apparent update: 13 September 2021]

Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV) outbreak [Last apparent update: 8 July 2019]

Influenza A (H1N1) virus, 2009-2010 pandemic [Last apparent update: 10 Aug 2010]



UN OCHA – Current Emergencies
Current Corporate Emergencies
No new updates identified.

Northern Ethiopia
Ethiopia – Northern Ethiopia Humanitarian Update Situation Report, 3 March 2022
The humanitarian situation in Afar continues to deteriorate with increased displacement and needs.
Nutrition supplies for the treatment of severe acute malnutrition among young children airlifted to Tigray, for the first-time since mid-December.
No food distribution reported in Tigray between 17 and 23 February, as food and fuel in the region is almost entirely exhausted.
More than 283,000 people assisted with food during the reporting week in Dessie and Kombolcha towns and in North Gondar Zone by the UN and INGO partners.
A new food distribution cycle has started in Afar targeting more than 622,000 people with more than 18,000 people reached during the week in Yalo, Abala, Barahle and Megale woredas