January 2022 Volume 44 Issue 1 p1-154
Dynamic Regulatory Assessment: evolving the European Regulatory Framework for the Benefit of Patients and Public Health—an EFPIA View
Esteban Herrero-Martinez, Nasir Hussain, Nadege Le Roux,…Mark Mayer, Rodrigo Palacios, Thomas C. Kühler
Published online: November 27, 2021
The European Union regulatory framework supports development, review, authorization, and maintenance of medicines to benefit public health; however, many elements are 2 decades old and undergoing review. Scrutiny was triggered by the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, the need to support future innovative medicines, the digital transformation of data exchange, and the need to address efficiency and capacity limitations. There are also ongoing evolutions in regulatory science for medicines (eg, cell and gene therapies), medical device combinations, and software, as well as the need to fully leverage contemporary information technology (IT). Important initiatives to address these challenges include the European Medicines Agency (EMA) Regulatory Science Strategy,1 the EU Regulatory Network Strategy,2 and the Big Data Steering Group,3 alongside European Commission–led initiatives such as the Pharmaceutical Strategy.4
Dynamic regulatory assessment (DRA) is a concept that seeks to integrate these various elements to re-imagine regulatory review interactions across the product life cycle. DRA calls for iterative regulatory dialogue, data submission, and evidence assessment, enabled by contemporary IT. DRA will facilitate iterative interaction and data assessment as it accumulates over a product’s life cycle, bringing significant efficiencies for all product types. The DRA concept primarily evolved through dialogue within working groups of the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations. This article describes the long-term vision of the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations and outlines important strategic elements of progress, including: aligning on a multi-stakeholder vision for DRA in the European Union and across regions; leveraging learnings from ongoing initiatives; and advancing IT, governance, and standards considerations. Ultimately, DRA should consider outcomes that deliver optimal benefits for patients in the European Union and worldwide.