POLIO Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)


Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)

Polio this week as of 06 April 2022
:: The GPEI has released an updated draft version of the Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) to offer guidance to any country that detects any type of poliovirus outbreak or event, to respond in a timely and effective manner. This version of the SOPs builds on the prior versions developed since 2015 and takes into account the key developments, lessons learnt and availability of new tools since
:: This week, the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on immunization (SAGE) is convening in Geneva, Switzerland.  On polio eradication, the group will review the global current epidemiology, updated data on novel oral polio vaccine type 2 (nOPV2) use, and recommendations on initial planning for OPV cessation.
:: On 26 April, the programme will launch the new investment case for the GPEI’s Strategy: Delivering on a Promise. This one-hour, virtual event, “Investing in the Promise of a Polio-free World”, will feature live remarks from WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus and UNICEF Executive Director Catherine Russell, as well as the stories of health workers and Ministers of Health working with the polio programme around the world. Please register here to learn more about the financial and political support needed to end polio for good.

Summary of new WPV and cVDPV viruses this week (AFP cases and ES positives):
– DR Congo: seven cVDPV2 cases
– Egypt: one cVDPV2 positive environmental sample
– Nigeria: six cVDPV2 cases and seven positive environmental samples



Disease Outbreak News (DONs)
Latest WHO Disease Outbreak News (DONs), providing information on confirmed acute public health events or potential events of concern.


7 April 2022 | Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia
This is the bi-annual update on Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infections reported to WHO from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Between 1 August 2021 to 28 February 2022, six additional cases of MERS-CoV infections, including four associated deaths were reported to WHO from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. These cases were reported from Riyadh (four cases), Eastern (one case), and Taif (one case) regions. Based on the current situation and available information, WHO re-emphasizes the importance of strong surveillance by all Member States for acute respiratory infections, including MERS-CoV, and careful review of any unusual patterns.



WHO/OCHA Emergencies

Health emergencies list – WHO
“The health emergencies list details the disease outbreaks, disasters and humanitarian crises where WHO plays an essential role in supporting countries to respond to and recover from emergencies with public health consequences.”

Afghanistan crisis [Last apparent update: 29 March 2022]

Crisis in Northern Ethiopia [Last apparent update: 1 June 2021]

Ebola outbreak, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2021 [Last apparent update: 17 Aug 2021]

Ebola outbreak outbreak, N’Zerekore, Guinea, 2021 [Last apparent update: 17 Aug 2021]

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic [See COVID above]


Ebola outbreak, Equateur Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2020
[Last apparent update: 17 Aug 2021]

Ebola outbreak, North Kivu, Ituri, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2018 – 2020
[Last apparent update: 17 Aug 2021]

Ebola outbreak, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2018 [Last apparent update: 24 July 2018]

Yemen crisis [Last apparent update: 12 February 2021]

Syria crisis [Last apparent update: 18 June 2021]

Somalia crisis [Last apparent update: 24 March 2018]

Nigeria crisis [Last apparent update: 1 Oct 2021]

Ebola outbreak, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2017 [Last apparent update: 17 Aug 2021]

Zika virus disease outbreak, 2015-2016 [Last apparent update: 24 Jan 2020]

Ebola outbreak: West Africa, 2014-2016 [Last apparent update: 17 Aug 2021]

Iraq crisis [Last apparent update: 9 Jan 2008]

South Sudan crisis [Last apparent update: 23 Sep 2020]

Avian influenza A (H7N9) virus outbreak [Last apparent update: 13 September 2021]

Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV) outbreak [Last apparent update: 8 July 2019]

Influenza A (H1N1) virus, 2009-2010 pandemic [Last apparent update: 10 Aug 2010]



UN OCHA – Current Emergencies
Current Corporate Emergencies
No new updates identified.

Northern Ethiopia
Ethiopia – Northern Ethiopia Humanitarian Update Situation Report, 7 Apr 2022
Only 8 per cent of cash needs transferred to Tigray for humanitarian operations since 12 July 2021.
To date, about 15,000 people have been relocated to Sabacare 4 displacement site in Mekelle, reaching its full capacity.
245 schools in Afar remain closed, or 20 percent of the schools in the region, forcing more than 53,000 students out of school. Additional 5 schools are hosting displaced people.
An additional 10 mobile health and nutrition teams were deployed to Amhara to scale-up the response, bringing the total number of teams operating in the region to 88.
30 mobile health and nutrition teams are operating in conflict affected areas in Afar, reaching more than 8,000 people with health care during the week.

Ukraine: Humanitarian Impact Situation Report (As of 12:00 p.m. (EET) on 8 April 2022)