WHO & Regional Offices [to 10 Nov 2018 ]

WHO & Regional Offices [to 10 Nov 2018 ]

News Release
New measures and strong partnership having positive impact on Ebola response in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
8 November 2018
[See Milestones/Perspectives above for detail]

New WHO guidelines to improve the physical health of people with severe mental disorders
7 November 2018
::::::
 

Weekly Epidemiological Record, 9 November 2018, vol. 93, 45 (pp. 605–616)
:: Progress towards malaria elimination: report of the second global forum of malaria-eliminating countries – June 2018

::::::

 

WHO Regional Offices
Selected Press Releases, Announcements
WHO African Region AFRO
Selected Featured News
:: WHO Africa Innovation Challenge Calls for New Solutions to Improve Health in Africa: Promoting African Solutions for African people  09 November 2018
:: Uganda Vaccinates Front-line health-workers against Ebola   07 November 2018
:: WHO supports cholera vaccination in critical States of the Northwest region  06 November 2018
:: WHO: Urgent action needed to combat poisoning from artisanal gold mining in Africa

05 November 2018
WHO Region of the Americas PAHO
:: Inequality exacerbates hunger, malnutrition and obesity in Latin America and the Caribbean (11/07/2018)
:: Projects from Brazil, Paraguay and Suriname receive the 2018 PAHO Malaria Champions Award (11/06/2018)

WHO South-East Asia Region SEARO
– No new announcement identified

WHO European Region EURO
:: Tackling the taboo of menstrual hygiene in the European Region 08-11-2018
:: Avian influenza could spread along wild birds’ migration routes this winter 06-11-2018
 
WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region EMRO
:: Statement on Yemen by Dr Ahmed Al-Mandhari, WHO Regional Director for the Eastern Mediterranean  8 November 2018
:: WHO supports district health facilities in Yemen  7 November 2018
 
 
WHO Western Pacific Region
– No new announcement identified
 

MMWR News Synopsis for November 9, 2018

CDC/ACIP [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
http://www.cdc.gov/media/index.html
https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/acip/index.html

MMWR News Synopsis for November 9, 2018
Progress Toward Poliomyelitis Eradication — Pakistan, January 2017–September 2018
Pakistan is one of three countries remaining in the world with endemic wild poliovirus. Poliovirus cases in Pakistan continued to decrease with only four cases reported in the 2018 MMWR (down from eight cases in 2017). The country is actively trying to eradicate poliovirus, but complete eradication requires critical activities: stop virus transmission in reservoir areas, reach missed and mobile populations, counter refusals, coordinate eradication efforts with neighboring Afghanistan, and continue high quality surveillance and vaccination activities. Pakistan is one of only three countries (Afghanistan and Nigeria) that has never interrupted wild poliovirus (WPV1). In 2017, Pakistan saw a 60 percent decrease in cases from 2016, reporting eight cases compared to 20 cases in 2016. As of September 18, 2018, only four cases of WPV1 have been reported in comparison with five cases at this time in 2017. To continue this downward curve of fewer cases until interruption, we must combat ongoing poliovirus circulation in reservoir areas and improve routine vaccination coverage in areas where routine immunization coverage with oral polio vaccine is sub-optimal, such as the Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Tribal Districts (KP-TD) of Pakistan, where coverage is 50% or less.

 

Announcements

Announcements
 
 
BMGF – Gates Foundation  [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
http://www.gatesfoundation.org/Media-Center/Press-Releases
NOVEMBER 09, 2018
The Japan Sports Agency and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation announce partnership to use the power of sport to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals
“Our Global Goals” campaign to capitalize on momentum of the Olympic and Paralympic Games Tokyo 2020
TOKYO, JAPAN, November 9, 2018 – The Japan Sports Agency and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation today announced a new partnership to utilize the momentum of the Olympic and Paralympic Games Tokyo 2020 to increase awareness of, and participation in, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Launching in 2019, the “Our Global Goals” project will bring together Japanese and global athletes as Ambassadors to champion the SDGs. Harnessing the spirit of sport, these ambassadors will work with both Japanese and global NGOs towards realizing the SDGs and creating a legacy of action for the Olympic and Paralympic Games Tokyo 2020…
 
 
Bill & Melinda Gates Medical Research Institute    [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
https://www.gatesmri.org/
The Bill & Melinda Gates Medical Research Institute is a non-profit biotech organization. Our mission is to develop products to fight malaria, tuberculosis, and diarrheal diseases—three major causes of mortality, poverty, and inequality in developing countries. The world has unprecedented scientific tools at its disposal; now is the time to use them to save the lives of the world’s poorest people
No new digest content identified.
 
 
CARB-X   [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
https://carb-x.org/
CARB-X is a non-profit public-private partnership dedicated to accelerating antibacterial research to tackle the global rising threat of drug-resistant bacteria.
No new digest content identified.
 
 
CEPI – Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations  [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
http://cepi.net/
No new digest content identified.
 
 
EDCTP    [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
http://www.edctp.org/
The European & Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP) aims to accelerate the development of new or improved drugs, vaccines, microbicides and diagnostics against HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria as well as other poverty-related and neglected infectious diseases in sub-Saharan Africa, with a focus on phase II and III clinical trials
No new digest content identified.
 
 
Emory Vaccine Center    [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
http://www.vaccines.emory.edu/
No new digest content identified.
 
 
European Medicines Agency  [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
http://www.ema.europa.eu/ema/
News and press releases
Press release 09/11/2018
Committee for Medicinal Products for Veterinary Use (CVMP) meeting of 6-8 November 2018
[Excerpt]
… The Committee adopted by consensus a positive opinion for an initial marketing authorisation application for Syvazul BTV, from LABORATORIOS SYVA, S.A.U., a vaccine for the active immunisation of sheep to prevent viraemia and reduce clinical signs and lesions caused by bluetongue virus serotypes 1 and/or 8, and/or to reduce viraemia and clinical signs caused by bluetongue virus serotype 4; and of cattle to prevent viraemia caused by bluetongue virus serotypes 1 and/or 8 and/or to reduce viraemia caused by bluetongue virus serotype 4.
The Committee adopted by consensus a positive opinion for a type II variation application for Aftovaxpur DOE concerning a change to the onset of immunity in cattle and sheep.
More information about the above mentioned medicines, including their full indications, will be published on the Agency’s website….
 
 
 
European Vaccine Initiative  [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
http://www.euvaccine.eu/news-events
07 November 2018
Position Advert – Executive Director (ED)
EVI is seeking a visionary Executive Director (ED) with a track record in health product development and mobilizing resources…
 
 
FDA [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/default.htm
November 09, 2018
FDA authorizes emergency use of first Ebola fingerstick test with portable reader

November 08, 2018
Statement from FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D., on new efforts to strengthen FDA’s expanded access program
 
 
Fondation Merieux  [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
http://www.fondation-merieux.org/
Mérieux Foundation co-organized event
10th International Global Virus Network Meeting: Eradication and Control of (Re-Emerging Viruses
November 28 – 30, 2018 – Les Pensieres Center for Global Health, Veyrier du Lac (France)

Mérieux Foundation co-organized event
OCV working group / Global Task Force on Cholera Control (GTFCC)
December 5 – 6, 2018 – Les Pensieres Center for Global Health, Veyrier-du-Lac (France)
 

Mérieux Foundation co-organized event
Dengue pre-vaccination screening based on serostatus: rapid tests and implementation strategies
January 14 – 16, 2019 – Les Pensières Center for Global Helath, Veyrier du Lac (France)
 
 
Gavi [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
https://www.gavi.org/
No new digest content identified.
 
 
GHIT Fund   [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
https://www.ghitfund.org/newsroom/press
GHIT was set up in 2012 with the aim of developing new tools to tackle infectious diseases that devastate the world’s poorest people. Other funders include six Japanese pharmaceutical
No new digest content identified.
 
 
Global Fund  [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
https://www.theglobalfund.org/en/news/
Voices
PrEPed to Prevent HIV
08 November 2018
Shakira Ndagire’s life is anything but ordinary. At 24, she is the youngest sex worker we met at Kawempe slum in Kampala, Uganda, where she has been a sex worker for half her life. She says she started selling sex “one way or another” when she was 13.

Global Fund Supports Replenishment of Global Financing Facility
06 November 2018
OSLO – The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria expressed strong support for the Global Financing Facility (GFF) Replenishment, convened in Oslo today.
As a signatory of the Global Action Plan for Sustainable Development Goal 3, to achieve good health and wellbeing for all, the Global Fund fully supports collaborative efforts to improve health financing in countries all over the world.
“It is absolutely essential that we work together to end preventable deaths and build a safer and healthier world, particularly for women, children and young people,” said Peter Sands, Executive Director of the Global Fund. “Sustainable health financing will save more lives, strengthen health systems and accelerate the journey toward UHC.”…
 
 
Hilleman Laboratories   [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
http://www.hillemanlabs.org/
No new digest content identified.
 
 
Human Vaccines Project   [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
http://www.humanvaccinesproject.org/media/press-releases/
No new digest content identified.
 
 
IAVI  [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
https://www.iavi.org/newsroom
No new digest content identified.
 
 
IFFIm
http://www.iffim.org/library/news/press-releases/
No new digest content identified.
 
 
IVAC  [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
https://www.jhsph.edu/research/centers-and-institutes/ivac/index.html
November 2018
Press Release: Report finds inequity may slow progress in preventing child pneumonia and diarrhea deaths
A new report finds health systems are falling woefully short of ensuring the most vulnerable children have sufficient access to prevention and treatment services in 15 countries that account for 70% of global pneumonia and diarrhea deaths in children under five.
 
 
IVI   [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
http://www.ivi.int/
No new digest content identified.
 
 
JEE Alliance  [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
https://www.jeealliance.org/
No new digest content identified.
 
 
MSF/Médecins Sans Frontières  [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
http://www.msf.org/
Selected News; Project Updates, Reports

Pakistan
Increasing newborn babies’ chances of survival
Project Update 8 Nov 2018

Iraq
Rehabilitated hospital improves access to healthcare in Sinjar d…
Press Release 8 Nov 2018
 
 
NIH  [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
http://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases
No new digest content identified.
 
 
PATH  [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
https://www.path.org/media-center/
No new digest content identified.
 
 
Sabin Vaccine Institute  [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
http://www.sabin.org/updates/pressreleases
No new digest content identified.
 
 
UNAIDS [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
http://www.unaids.org/en
9 November 2018
Call for a broader vision for harm reduction [U.S.]

7 November 2018
UNAIDS Programme Coordinating Board sees South Africa’s AIDS response first-hand

7 November 2018
Ecuador innovates around HIV prevention in its cities
 
 
UNICEF  [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
https://www.unicef.org/media/press-releases
Selected Press Releases/Reports/Statements
Press release
United Nations humanitarian convoy to Rukban: UNICEF delivers lifesaving vaccines, medicines and nutritional supplies for 50,000 people
09/11/2018
[See Milestones above for more detail]

Press release
Children traveling with migrant caravan in Mexico at risk of psychosocial distress – UNICEF
07/11/2018

Press release
UNICEF welcomes new protocol to protect uprooted children in Ecuador
06/11/2018

Press release
Yemen: Children in Hudaydah hospital at imminent risk of death
Statement by UNICEF Executive Director Henrietta Fore
06/11/2018

Statement
UNICEF calls for immediate release of abducted school children in North-West Cameroon
Statement attributable to Marie-Pierre Poirier, UNICEF Regional Director for West and Central Africa
05/11/2018

Press release
“A living hell for children” – UNICEF Regional Director Geert Cappelaere remarks on the situation of children in Yemen
04/11/2018
 
 
Vaccine Confidence Project  [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
http://www.vaccineconfidence.org/
No new digest content identified.
 
 
Vaccine Education Center – Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia  [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
http://www.chop.edu/centers-programs/vaccine-education-center
Published on Nov 07, 2018 in Vaccine News
Dr. Offit Talks about Different Vaccine Recommendations and What They Mean
Recommendations can vary for different vaccines. This can cause confusion for parents making vaccine decisions. In this short video, Dr. Offit describes different types of vaccine recommendations using the meningococcal B vaccine as a key example.
 
 
Wellcome Trust  [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
https://wellcome.ac.uk/news
News  7 November 2018
Second global call to action against drug-resistant infections
Wellcome is to co-host a second global event, in Ghana, to help drive pioneering action to stop the rise and spread of superbugs.
See the full Call to Action event agenda [PDF 669KB] 19-20 November 2018, Accra, Ghana

Opinion 7 November 2018
How we’re using research and evidence to make sure public engagement has a big impact
Carla Ross leads the new Public Engagement Research and Evidence team. Here she explains what the team will be looking at over the next year.

News | 5 November 2018
Wellcome is updating its open access policy
Following a six-month review, we’re updating our open access (OA) policy. The changes will apply from 1 January 2020. Robert Kiley, Head of Open Research, explains what will be different and why.
 
 
The Wistar Institute   [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
https://www.wistar.org/news/press-releases
No new digest content identified.
 
 
World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)   [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
http://www.oie.int/en/for-the-media/press-releases/2018/
No new digest content identified.
 
 
::::::

 
BIO    [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
https://www.bio.org/insights/press-release
No new digest content identified.
 
 
DCVMN – Developing Country Vaccine Manufacturers Network  [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
http://www.dcvmn.org/
No new digest content identified.
 
 
IFPMA   [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
http://www.ifpma.org/resources/news-releases/
No new digest content identified.
 
 
PhRMA    [to 10 Nov 2018 ]
http://www.phrma.org/press-room
No new digest content identified.

Reports/Research/Analysis/Commentary/Conferences/Meetings/Book Watch/Tenders

Reports/Research/Analysis/Commentary/Conferences/Meetings/Book Watch/Tenders

Vaccines and Global Health: The Week in Review has expanded its coverage of new reports, books, research and analysis published independent of the journal channel covered in Journal Watch below. Our interests span immunization and vaccines, as well as global public health, health governance, and associated themes. If you would like to suggest content to be included in this service, please contact David Curry at: david.r.curry@centerforvaccineethicsandpolicy.org

 
 
Pneumonia & Diarrhea Progress Report 2018
IVAC
November 2018 :: 40 pages
The Pneumonia and Diarrhea Progress Report is prepared and published annually by the International Vaccine Access Center (IVAC) at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health to mark World Pneumonia Day. This is the ninth edition of the progress report and the 10th year of World Pneumonia Day.
Download the report

Press Release
Report finds inequity may slow progress in preventing child pneumonia and diarrhea deaths
A call for better data and targeting of communities of greatest need
A new report finds health systems are falling woefully short of ensuring the most vulnerable children have sufficient access to prevention and treatment services in 15 countries that account for 70% of global pneumonia and diarrhea deaths in children under five.

Globally, pneumonia and diarrhea together led to nearly one of every four deaths that occurred in children under five years of age in 2016. The 2018 Pneumonia and Diarrhea Progress Report—released ahead of the 10th annual World Pneumonia Day, on November 12, by the International Vaccine Access Center (IVAC) at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health—describes efforts to fight pneumonia and diarrhea in 15 countries with the greatest number of deaths from these illnesses.

This report analyzes how effectively countries are delivering or ensuring the use of 10 key interventions, which include exclusive breastfeeding, vaccination, access to care and use of antibiotics, oral rehydration solution, and zinc supplementation to help prevent and treat pneumonia and diarrhea. These measures are known to help protect children from death due to these illnesses and could help achieve the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal target of reducing under-five mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births by 2030.

The Pneumonia and Diarrhea Progress Report, issued annually by IVAC for nearly a decade, finds that although countries are making progress toward improved vaccine coverage, they seriously lag in efforts to treat childhood illnesses—especially among populations that are remote, impoverished, or otherwise left behind.

“Progress to stop child deaths is being hampered by persistent inequities in countries around the world,” said Kate O’Brien, MD, MPH, a professor in the Bloomberg School’s Department of International Health and IVAC’s executive director. “Addressing these inequities will demand greater levels of funding, strong political commitment, accountability supported by better data, and a coordinated global effort that prioritizes the most vulnerable.”

Eight out of 15 countries assessed failed to meet the targets for any of 10 interventions to protect against and treat pneumonia and diarrhea, as outlined in the World Health Organization and UNICEF’s Integrated Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Pneumonia and Diarrhea (GAPPD). Two of the countries met the 90% target coverage rate for at least four vaccines. On treatment measures, none of the 15 countries were able to attain the 90% targeted level of coverage.

For the first time, the annual report reviewed stratified national data, revealing inequities in how well countries were providing life-saving interventions to children based on gender, their location of residence (i.e., urban or rural), maternal education, and wealth.

The authors conclude that in order to accelerate progress, governments must collect better data on a regular basis. The global community must prioritize improving access to prevention and treatment interventions for children who are now not being reached. Funders must continue or increase support for proven solutions—or risk having progress slip away. Finally, integrating strategies related to health systems, poverty, and education may yield opportunities to improve equity in many countries.

Journal Watch

Journal Watch

   Vaccines and Global Health: The Week in Review continues its weekly scanning of key peer-reviewed journals to identify and cite articles, commentary and editorials, books reviews and other content supporting our focus on vaccine ethics and policy. Journal Watch is not intended to be exhaustive, but indicative of themes and issues the Center is actively tracking. We selectively provide full text of some editorial and comment articles that are specifically relevant to our work. Successful access to some of the links provided may require subscription or other access arrangement unique to the publisher.

If you would like to suggest other journal titles to include in this service, please contact David Curry at: david.r.curry@centerforvaccineethicsandpolicy.org