Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus in Bats, Saudi Arabia

Emerging Infectious Diseases
Volume 19, Number 9—September 2013

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus in Bats, Saudi Arabia
Ziad A. Memish, Nischay Mishra, Kevin J. Olival, Shamsudeen F. Fagbo, Vishal Kapoor, Jonathan H. Epstein, Rafat AlHakeem, Abdulkareem Durosinloun, Mushabab Al Asmari, Ariful Islam, Amit Kapoor, Thom

The source of human infection with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus remains unknown. Molecular investigation indicated that bats in Saudi Arabia are infected with several alphacoronaviruses and betacoronaviruses. Virus from 1 bat showed 100% nucleotide identity to virus from the human index case-patient. Bats might play a role in human infection.