POLIO [to 24 October 2015]

POLIO [to 24 October 2015]
Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)

GPEI Update: Polio this week as of 21 October 2015
Global Polio Eradication Initiative
Full report link: http://www.polioeradication.org/Dataandmonitoring/Poliothisweek.aspx
:: World Polio Day on 24 October is an opportunity to reflect on how far we have come in the last year and to pay tribute to the countless healthcare workers, volunteers, families, traditional and religious leaders, governments, donors, civil society organizations and partners who work tirelessly to protect children against polio. Join Rotary International and UNICEF for a live streamed global update on 23 October and for updates throughout the week from the partners of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative follow @Vaccines on Twitter.
:: The Independent Monitoring Board met in London in October to assess progress towards polio eradication and to make recommendations for the coming months. The report is expected to be published in the next few weeks.
[Selected Country Update Information]
:: Three new positive environmental samples were reported in the past week, two in Hilmand district of Hilmand province with collection dates of 19 and 20 September and one in Nangarhar district of Nangarhar province, collected on 21 September.
:: Mop-up campaigns are planned in October in Gulestan district of Farah using the inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) and bivalent OPV with dates to be confirmed. National Immunization Days (NIDs) will take place on 1 – 3 November using trivalent OPV and Subnational Immunisation Days (SNIDs) are planned from 29 November to 1 December in the south and east of the country using bivalent OPV. Further mop up campaigns will take place in Balabuluk and Khak-E-Safed districts of Farah in November.
:: Three new environmental samples positive for WPV1 were reported in the last week. One was collected in Rawalpindi district of Punjab on 10 September, one in Quetta district of Balochistan on 20 September and one in Karachi-Gadap town, Sindh, on 22 September.
:: No new circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) cases have been reported in the past week. The most recent case had onset of paralysis on 7 July in the Zakarpatskaya oblast, in south-western Ukraine, bordering Romania, Hungary, Slovakia and Poland. The number of cVDPV1 cases reported in 2015 remains 2.
:: Ukraine had been at particular risk of emergence of a cVDPV, due to inadequate vaccination coverage.
:: An outbreak response has started in the last week in Ukraine with supplementary immunization activities taking place in every Oblast. The next few weeks will be critical in terms of continued political support and oversight to ensure all children are reached with the vaccines.

Nationwide polio immunization campaign under way in Ukraine
After an outbreak of circulating vaccine derived poliovirus was reported in Ukraine in September, a vaccination campaign using the oral polio vaccine has been launched.
Wednesday, October 21, 2015
A nationwide vaccination campaign with oral polio vaccine was launched today in Ukraine in response to a polio outbreak in the country. WHO applauded the decision taken by the Ministry of Health to begin the campaign, which is mandated by international guidelines as part of a comprehensive outbreak response. “With the campaign now under way, we call on health care providers and parents in Ukraine to exercise their right and responsibility to vaccinate all children in the designated age groups urgently to stop transmission of this dreaded virus,” said Dr Zsuzsanna Jakab, WHO Regional Director for Europe.
The first phase of the campaign will target 2.85 million children under the age of 6. At least two additional rounds, with one targeting 4.75 million children up to 10 years, are expected to follow at 1-month intervals. The vaccine is to be given free to all children in the designated age groups…

Mass polio immunization campaign aims to reach 3 million children in Syria
UNICEF and WHO appeal for improved access to children
DAMASCUS, Syria, 18 October 2015 — A 5-day nationwide immunization campaign began today in Syria aiming to vaccinate 3 million children against polio.
The current campaign is part of a comprehensive response to the polio outbreak in October 2013. 15 mass vaccination campaigns reaching on average 2.9 million children each round have been carried out since. No new cases have been reported since January 2014.
The campaign is jointly organized by the Ministry of Health, UNICEF, the World Health Organization and local partners, including the Syrian Arab Red Crescent. It aims to reach children under the age of 5 across the country, including those who have been displaced. The vaccination will take place at fixed clinics, and in areas where the conflict is heavy vaccinators will go house to house…

Rotary gives US$40.4 million to end polio worldwide
Oct 23, 2015
On the heels of historic success against polio in Nigeria and across the continent of Africa, the global effort to end polio is receiving an additional US$40.4 million boost from Rotary to support immunization activities and surveillance spearheaded by the Global Polio Eradication Initiative….
… Following Nigeria’s polio-free milestone, and no cases of wild polio in all of Africa in more than a year, Rotary is contributing $26.8 million to African countries to ensure the disease never returns to the continent: Burkina Faso ($1.6 million), Cameroon ($2.7 million), Chad ($2.6 million), Democratic Republic of Congo ($499,579), Equatorial Guinea ($685,000), Kenya ($750,102), Madagascar ($562,820), Mali ($1.5 million), Niger ($3 million), Nigeria ($6.9 million), Somalia ($4.9 million) and South Sudan ($1.5 million).
Rotary has earmarked $6.7 million to polio-endemic Pakistan, $400,000 to Iraq and $5.3 million to India. The remaining $990,542 will support immunization activities and surveillance…

WHO: World Polio Day: Thanking the health worker for the progress
24 October 2015 — World Polio Day marks the milestones that have been reached in the past year towards a polio-free world, and most importantly, recognises the incredible contributions made by healthcare workers, volunteers, families, and partners. WHO and partners are marking this day by celebrating progress towards eradication and planning for what still needs to be done to achieve a polio-free world.
Video message from the WHO Director-General