The European Journal of Public Health
Volume 27, Issue 3, June 2017
Increase in vaccination coverage between subsequent generations of orthodox Protestants in The Netherlands
Henri Spaan; Wilhelmina L.M. Ruijs; Jeannine L.A. Hautvast; Alma Tostmann
Interventions to improve immigrant health. A scoping review
Esperanza Diaz; Gaby Ortiz-Barreda; Yoav Ben-Shlomo; Michelle Holdsworth; Bukola Salami …
Background: Disparities in health between immigrants and their host populations have been described across countries and continents. Hence, interventions for improving health targeting general populations are not necessarily effective for immigrants.
Aims: To conduct a systematic search of the literature evaluating health interventions for immigrants; to map the characteristics of identified studies including range of interventions, immigrant populations and their host countries, clinical areas targeted and reported evaluations, challenges and limitations of the interventions identified. Following the results, to develop recommendations for research in the field.
Methods: A scoping review approach was chosen to provide an overview of the type, extent and quantity of research available. Studies were included if they empirically evaluated health interventions targeting immigrants and/or their descendants, included a control group, and were published in English (PubMed and Embase from 1990 to 2015).
Results: Most of the 83 studies included were conducted in the USA, encompassed few immigrant groups and used a randomized controlled trial (RCT) or cluster RCT design. Most interventions addressed chronic and non-communicable diseases and attendance at cancer screening services, used individual targeted approaches, targeted adult women and recruited participants from health centres. Outcome measures were often subjective, with the exception of interventions for cardiovascular risk and diabetes. Generally, authors claimed that interventions were beneficial, despite a number of reported limitations.
Conclusions: Recommendations for enhancing interventions to improve immigrant health are provided to help researchers, funders and health care commissioners when deciding upon the scope, nature and design of future research in this area.
Access to healthcare for undocumented migrants: analysis of avoidable hospital admissions in Sicily from 2003 to 2013
Daniele Mipatrini; Sebastiano Pollina Addario; Roberto Bertollini; Mario Palermo; Alice Mannocci