Emergencies

Emergencies
 
POLIO
Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)
Polio this week as of 07 February 2018 [GPEI]
:: New on http://polioeradication.org/: protecting children on the move in Pakistan; and, following the workday of female polio vaccinators in Afghanistan.
:: Watch long-time polio eradicators Hans Everts and Mohammed Mohammedi share their experiences from the frontline of outbreak response and describe the remaining challenges to reaching a polio-free world, in the latest ‘Coffee with Polio Experts’ videos.

:: Weekly country updates as of 07 February 2018
Afghanistan:  
:: Two new cases of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) have been confirmed in Kandahar province, following advance notification last week. One new WPV1 positive environmental sample collected from Kandahar province
Pakistan:
:: Two new WPV1 positive environmental samples collected, from Islamabad and Punjab provinces.
Democratic Republic of the Congo:
:: One new case of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) has been confirmed in Tanganyika province

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Syria cVDPV2 outbreak situation report 33, 6 February 2018
Situation update 6 February 2018
:: No new cases of cVDPV2 were reported this week. The total number of cVDPV2 cases remains 74. The most recent case (by date of onset of paralysis) is 21 September 2017 from Boukamal district, Deir Ez-Zor governorate.
:: An IPV vaccination round is currently in progress as part of the second phase of the outbreak response, in Damascus, Hasakah, Aleppo governorates and Jurmana district of rural Damascus. IPV is being delivered through fixed centres.
:: Teams delivering IPV are comprised of two vaccinators and one social mobiliser. In selected fixed sites with a higher proportion of displaced populations from Deir Ez-Zor, social mobilisers have been recruited from the local community to ensure high participation.
:: Children in Hasakah governorate who were missed by mOPV2 vaccination in first round will receive mOPV2 alongside IPV in the second round taking place this week.

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WHO Grade 3 Emergencies  [to 10 February 2018]
The Syrian Arab Republic
:: WHO delivers life-saving health supplies to Deir-ez-Zor governorate
7 February 2018 –  The World Health Organization (WHO) dispatched 14 tons of life-saving medicines, anesthetics, antibiotics, emergency medical kits and other treatments to Deir-ez-Zor governorate this week to urgently respond to the critical health needs of people in north-east Syria. The shipment contains more than 303 000 treatments for ill and wounded children, women and men.
:: Syria cVDPV2 outbreak situation report 33, 6 February 2018
[See Polio above for detail]

Yemen 
:: Cancer patients in Yemen face slow death as treatment options diminish  4 February 2018
:: Weekly epidemiology bulletin, 22–28 January 2018 [Cholera]

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UN OCHA – L3 Emergencies
The UN and its humanitarian partners are currently responding to three ‘L3’ emergencies. This is the global humanitarian system’s classification for the response to the most severe, large-scale humanitarian crises. 
Syrian Arab Republic
:: 9 Feb 2018  Syrian Arab Republic (Northern Governorates): Displacements to northwest Syria as of February 3, 2018
:: Statement by the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator and UN Representatives in Syria on the impact of the compounded humanitarian crisis in Syria [EN/AR]    Damascus, 6 February 2018

Yemen 
:: 6 Feb 2018   Yemen Humanitarian Update Issue No. 1 | 6 February 2018
 
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UN OCHA – Corporate Emergencies
When the USG/ERC declares a Corporate Emergency Response, all OCHA offices, branches and sections provide their full support to response activities both at HQ and in the field.
Ethiopia  
:: 6 Feb 2018   Ethiopia Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 46 | 22 January – 4 February 2018
 
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Editor’s Note:
We will cluster these recent emergencies as below and continue to monitor the WHO webpages for updates and key developments.
 
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WHO & Regional Offices [to 10 February 2018]
Latest news
Displaced people in Ibb devastated by hunger and disease
6 February 2018 – The number of people in need for humanitarian aid in Yemen has increased dramatically. Around 22.2 million people need some kind of humanitarian assistance. Currently, more than 2 million people are still displaced in Yemen, with women and children representing three quarters of internally displaced persons.
 
Highlights
Global summit highlights solutions to end violence against children, calls for accelerated action
February 2018 – Globally, up to 1 billion children aged 2-17 years – or one in two children – have suffered physical, sexual or emotional violence or neglect in the past year. WHO will be joining global efforts next week aimed at promoting solutions, and reinforcing global commitments, to end all forms of violence against children.

South Sudan declares the end of its longest cholera outbreak
   February 2018 – South Sudan declared the end of its longest and largest cholera outbreak, with no new cases of cholera reported in over seven weeks. The fight against cholera in South Sudan has involved a range of partners working together to enhance surveillance, deploy rapid response teams to investigate and respond to cases, provide clean water, promote good hygiene practices and treat cholera patients.

Low uptake of seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe may jeopardise capacity to protect people
February 2018 – Influenza vaccination coverage among high-risk groups has dropped in the European Region over the last seven years, and half the countries report a decrease in the number of vaccine doses available. Low uptake of seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe jeopardizes the capacity to protect people during annual epidemics and the next pandemic

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Weekly Epidemiological Record, 9 February 2018, vol. 93, 06 (pp. 45–60)
:: Creating new solutions to tackle old problems: the first ever evidence-based guidance on emergency risk communication policy and practice
:: The role of extended and whole genome sequencing for tracking transmission of measles and rubella viruses: report from the Global Measles and Rubella Laboratory Network meeting, 2017
:: Monthly report on dracunculiasis cases, January-December 2017
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WHO Regional Offices
Selected Press Releases, Announcements
WHO African Region AFRO
Selected Featured News
:: South Sudan declares the end of its longest cholera outbreak  09 February 2018
:: Tanzania signs a joint health data collaborative communiqué   08 February 2018
:: WHO Special Intervention Teams Vaccinate Nearly 400 000 children at transit points  08 February 2018
:: South Sudan declares the end of its longest cholera outbreak  07 February 2018
:: Federal Government of Nigeria to vaccinate 1.2 million Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) against yellow fever in Borno State with support from WHO and UNICEF  07 February 2018

WHO Region of the Americas PAHO
:: PAHO launches new study on migration of health workers in the Caribbean (02/08/2018)
As health care workers continue to leave the Caribbean, the study’s findings will help countries address future health systems needs in human resources for health.
WHO European Region EURO
::  WHO provides health advice for travellers to 2018 Winter Olympics 08-02-2018
:: Sixty five cities commit to health and well-being as drivers of urban development: two out of three people in the WHO European Region live in urban environments 08-02-2018
:: WHO Europe/ECDC joint statement: Low uptake of seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe may jeopardize capacity to protect people in next pandemic 07-02-2018

WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region EMRO
:: Sudan’s surveillance system for polio put under the microscope  8 February 2018
:: WHO calls for sustainable solution to health sector power shortages in Gaza  8 February, 2018
:: WHO delivers life-saving health supplies to Deir-ez-Zor governorate, Syrian Arab Republic
7 February 2018
UN releases US$ 9.1 million to support urgent health needs in Yemen  6 February, 2018

WHO Western Pacific Region
:: Health Advice for Travellers to the 2018 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games in the Republic of Korea  7 February 2018