CDC/ACIP [to 23 Mar 2019]
Leading HIV Experts Convene 2019 National HIV Prevention Conference
Monday, March 18, 2019
Gaps in HIV Testing and Treatment Hinder Efforts to Stop New Infections
Monday, March 18, 2019
The vast majority (about 80 percent) of new HIV infections in the U.S. in 2016 were transmitted from the nearly 40 percent of people with HIV who either did not know they had HIV, or who received a diagnosis but were not receiving HIV care.
Published on the first day of CDC’s 2019 National HIV Prevention Conference, a new CDC Vital Signs report provides the latest data on the impact of undiagnosed and untreated HIV in the nation and underscores the critical need to expand HIV testing and treatment in the U.S…
MMWR News Synopsis for Friday, March 22, 2019
Tuberculosis — United States, 2018
Achieving the goal of tuberculosis elimination in the U.S. will require expanded efforts to control both active TB disease and latent TB infection. According to preliminary 2018 surveillance data, the U.S. has the lowest number of TB cases ever reported. However, the data show slowed progress toward the goal of TB elimination. At the current rate of progress, TB will not be eliminated in the U.S. this century. Data from CDC’s National TB Surveillance System show a total of 9,029 TB cases in 2018 (down from 9,094 in 2017), indicating slight declines in TB cases (down 0.7 percent) and TB rates (down 1.3 percent) compared to the previous year. This leaves the TB rate 28 times higher than the goal for TB elimination. Achieving our national goal to eliminate TB will require expanding detection and treatment of TB disease and latent TB infection and maximizing all available tools such as short course regimens for latent TB infection treatment.
Global Epidemiology of Tuberculosis and Progress Toward Achieving Global Targets — 2017
Despite the availability of effective treatments for tuberculosis for 70 years, estimates demonstrate only modest progress in reducing TB to meet global TB 2020 targets. Globally, TB is the leading cause of death by an infectious disease. The Sustainable Development Goals and the End TB Strategy set ambitious targets for reducing the global TB burden. In 2017, there were an estimated 10 million cases of TB worldwide, with an estimated 1.57 million deaths. These numbers demonstrate only modest progress in reducing TB as measured by the number of cases of disease, death, and drug resistance. The rate of decline of these measures must improve to meet global TB 2020 targets. Intensified efforts to improve TB case finding, treatment, and prevention are necessary to decrease the global burden of TB.