American Journal of Public Health
June 2019 109(6)
Impact of Political Economy on Population Health: A Systematic Review of Reviews
Government, Socioeconomic Factors, Health Policy
Gerry McCartney, Wendy Hearty, Julie Arnot, Frank Popham, Andrew Cumbers and Robert McMaster
109(6), pp. e1–e12
Authors’ Conclusions. Politics, economics, and public policy are important determinants of population health. Countries with social democratic regimes, higher public spending, and lower income inequalities have populations with better health. There are substantial gaps in the synthesized evidence on the relationship between political economy and health, and there is a need for higher-quality reviews and empirical studies in this area. However, there is sufficient evidence in this review, if applied through policy and practice, to have marked beneficial health impacts.