Monday, October 21, 2019
CDC-Supported Study Launches to Track Infectious Diseases in Central America & Caribbean
To better understand, detect and respond to emerging infectious disease threats such as dengue, chikungunya, Zika, Chagas disease, and malaria, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is supporting studies to better understand acute febrile illnesses (AFIs) in Belize, Guatemala and the Dominican Republic. AFIs are characterized by a rapid onset of fever and symptoms such as headache, diarrhea, chills or muscle and joint pain, cough or other respiratory symptoms. AFIs are one of the most common reasons people seek health care and can be caused by viruses, bacteria, parasites or fungi that people inhale, eat or drink from contaminated food or water, or are exposed to by contact with animals, including insects.
CDC has convened a multi-disciplinary international team of experts to support ministries of health in Belize, Guatemala, and the Dominican Republic in developing a surveillance network to rapidly identify and track AFIs. The team, including CDC, Baylor College of Medicine, Universidad del Valle de Guatemala, and Brigham and Women’s Hospital, will create the network using a coordinated approach to detect and manage disease threats…
MMWR News Synopsis for October 25, 2019
Global Routine Vaccination Coverage, 2018
What is already known about this topic?
Since 1974, global coverage with vaccines to prevent tuberculosis, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, poliomyelitis, and measles has increased from <5% to 86%.
What is added by this report?
Global coverage with the third dose of diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis-containing vaccine has not increased above 86% since 2010. Coverage varies across regions and countries, with lower coverage in lower-income countries.
What are the implications for public health practice?
Equitable access to immunization to achieve and sustain high coverage can be enhanced through financial and technical support for program strengthening and vaccine introductions in lower-income settings, community engagement to increase vaccination acceptance and demand, collection and use of vaccination data, and commitment to improving immunization services