Sep 02, 2021 Volume 184 Issue 18 p4597-4840
The genomic history of the Middle East
Mohamed A. Almarri, Marc Haber, Reem A. Lootah, Pille Hallast, Saeed Al Turki, Hilary C. Martin, Yali Xue, Chris Tyler-Smith
A high-coverage resource of physically phased genomes from eight Middle Eastern populations generated via linked-read sequencing provides insights into a genetically understudied region and enables more comprehensive study of population history and the detection of millions of variants common to the Middle East but outside short-read accessibility masks and not previously cataloged. It enhances our understanding of regional ancestry, the spread of languages, the effects of climate change on populations, and the evolutionary history of genetic variants.