Mucosal vaccines — fortifying the frontiers

Nature Reviews Immunology
Volume 22 Issue 4, April 2022


Review Article | 26 July 2021
Mucosal vaccines — fortifying the frontiers
Here, Ed Lavelle and Ross Ward discuss the unique aspects of mucosal immunity that must be considered when developing effective mucosal vaccines. The authors highlight the key immune cell populations that are targeted by mucosal vaccination strategies and explain how innovative adjuvant and delivery approaches should lead to new vaccines for infectious diseases and cancers.
Ed C. Lavelle
Ross W. Ward